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The Orbital-Hub: Low Cost Platform for Human Spaceflight after ISS

Romberg, Oliver and Quantius, Dominik and Philpot, Claudia and Jahnke, Stephan Siegfried and Seboldt, Wolfgang and Dittus, Hansjörg and Baerwalde, Sven and Schlegel, Hans and Gold, Mike and Zamka, George and da Costa, Rodrigo and Retat, Ingo and Wohlgemuth, Rainer and Lange, Max (2016) The Orbital-Hub: Low Cost Platform for Human Spaceflight after ISS. In: Proceedings of the International Astronautical Congress, IAC. 67th International Astronautical Congress (IAC), 26.-30. Sep. 2016, Guadalajara, Mexico.

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The International Space Station ISS demonstrates long-term international cooperation between many partner governments as well as significant engineering and programmatic achievement mostly as a compromise of budget, politics, administration and technological feasibility. A paradigm shift to use the ISS more as an Earth observation platform and to more innovation and risk acceptance can be observed in the development of new markets by shifting responsibilities to private entities and broadening research disciplines, demanding faster access by users and including new launcher and experiment facilitator companies. A review of worldwide activities shows that all spacefaring nations are developing their individual programmes for the time after ISS. All partners are basically still interested in LEO and human spaceflight as discussed by the ISECG. ISS follow-on activities should comprise clear scientific and technological objectives combined with the long term view on space exploration. This includes key competences like robotics, internal and external space structures, module/facility and experiment operations as well as supply systems (e. g. ATV). Giving financial feasibility priority, DLR started to investigate future low cost options by evaluating various LEO infrastructure concepts including opportunities for national realisation and international cooperation. Scientists and users from various disciplines were involved to assess the usability of corresponding options. Proposed payloads were based on their Mir and ISS experience with respect to future scientific fundamental and technological research questions. Together with US and European industry, NASA and ESA astronauts, operation specialists, current ISS users and scientists, DLR conducted an extensive concept study using the DLR Concurrent Engineering Facility (CEF). The present paper describes the results of these activities with a Phase A design called Orbital-Hub based on a small low cost manned LEO platform including a man-tended free flyer. The first flying H/W components could be realised in the frame of moderate budgets in the next eight years. The Orbital-Hub would guarantee a smooth transition between ISS and further space activities in and beyond LEO and would represent an important step regarding long-term space research, Earth observation respectively monitoring and human space exploration.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/115992/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:The Orbital-Hub: Low Cost Platform for Human Spaceflight after ISS
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Romberg, Oliveroliver.romberg (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-2287-2910
Quantius, Dominikdominik.quantius (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Philpot, Claudiaclaudia.philpot (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Jahnke, Stephan SiegfriedStephan.Jahnke (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-1678-4332
Seboldt, Wolfgangwolfgang.seboldt (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Dittus, HansjörgHansjoerg.Dittus (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Baerwalde, Svensven.baerwalde (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Schlegel, HansESA ContractorUNSPECIFIED
Gold, MikeBigelow AerospaceUNSPECIFIED
Zamka, GeorgeBigelow AerospaceUNSPECIFIED
da Costa, RodrigoAirbus DSUNSPECIFIED
Wohlgemuth, RainerAirbus DSUNSPECIFIED
Date:26 September 2016
Journal or Publication Title:Proceedings of the International Astronautical Congress, IAC
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Keywords:Post-ISS, Human Spaceflight, Low Earth Orbit, Base Platform, Free Flyer
Event Title:67th International Astronautical Congress (IAC)
Event Location:Guadalajara, Mexico
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:26.-30. Sep. 2016
Organizer:International Astronautical Federation (IAF)
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space System Technology
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R SY - Space System Technology
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Projekt Post-ISS (old), Post-ISS (old), R - Systemanalyse Raumsegment (old), Systemanalyse Raumsegment (old), R - Raumfahrzeuge Entwurf, Systemanalyse, Simulation, Messtechnik (old)
Location: Bremen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Space Systems > System Analysis Space Segment
Deposited By: Jahnke, Stephan Siegfried
Deposited On:30 Nov 2017 10:24
Last Modified:18 Feb 2020 12:19

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