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DLR natural and hybrid transonic laminar wing design incorporating new methodologies

Streit, Thomas and Wedler, Sven and Kruse, Martin (2015) DLR natural and hybrid transonic laminar wing design incorporating new methodologies. The Aeronautical Journal, 119 (1221), pp. 1303-1326. Cambridge University Press. doi: 10.1017/S0001924000011283. ISSN 0001-9240.

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Official URL: https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/aeronautical-journal/article/dlr-natural-and-hybrid-transonic-laminar-wing-design-incorporating-new-methodologies/57262D35728F5A41482A107A70BABEDB


In the present work natural laminar flow (NLF) and hybrid laminar flow (HLF) wing designs are presented which were obtained by combining new methodologies with experience and knowledge obtained with traditional laminar wing design methods. The NLF wing design is performed for wing-body configurations with backward swept wing (BSW) and forward swept wing (FSW). Initial airfoil sections were obtained by using a new sectional conical wing method, which allows the design of transonic wing sections, taking into account the effects of sweep and taper for the computational cost of a 2D method. Except for flow regions with strong 3D influence, wings constructed with these airfoils showed an acceptable large region with laminar boundary layer and small shocks at design and specified off-design conditions. For regions close to the body and the tip a 3D inverse design method was further required. For the BSW case, due to cross flow a premature transition occurred. Therefore, a HLF panel was required in order to obtain a larger laminar region. A suction distribution was obtained using the suction distribution module of the Automated Target Pressure Generator (ATPG). This generator optimises the pressure distributions in terms of minimising drag while keeping certain boundary conditions constant, e.g. lift and momentum. Using the ATPG, the laminar extent of the BSW NLF design could be further improved for the inboard wing. With the new methodologies design work was reduced. They lead to a design with reserves that allow for acceptable off-design performance qualities by keeping the wing laminar over a wide range of flight conditions.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/115939/
Document Type:Article
Title:DLR natural and hybrid transonic laminar wing design incorporating new methodologies
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Date:November 2015
Journal or Publication Title:The Aeronautical Journal
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Page Range:pp. 1303-1326
EditorsEmailEditor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Publisher:Cambridge University Press
Keywords:Natural laminar Flow NLF, hybrid laminar flow HLF, inverse design, wing design, automatic target pressure distribution.
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:fixed-wing aircraft
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L AR - Aircraft Research
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Flight Physics (old)
Location: Braunschweig
Institutes and Institutions:Institute for Aerodynamics and Flow Technology > Transport Aircraft
Deposited By: Streit, Dr.rer.nat. Thomas
Deposited On:05 Dec 2017 10:58
Last Modified:20 Jun 2021 15:50

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