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Materials, Architecture and Prospects for Proton Conducting Ceramic based Metal Supported Cells

Han, Feng and Sata, Noriko and Semerad, Robert and Schiller, Günter and Costa, Rémi (2017) Materials, Architecture and Prospects for Proton Conducting Ceramic based Metal Supported Cells. International Workshop on Protonic Ceramic Fuel Cells Status & Prospects, 16-18, Okt. 2017, Bordeaux, France.

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Abstract

In the context of the energy transition, high temperature fuel cells and electrolysis cells are considered as a key technology for the future. As a replacement for oxygen ion conducting ceramics in solid oxide cells (SOC), high temperature proton conducting ceramics (HTPC) operating up to 600 °C change the paradigm by offering the possibility to perform hydrogenation or dehydrogenation of gases. Nowadays, the mainstream planar proton conducting cells (PCC) rely on the so called anode supported fuel cell architecture, where the mechanical strength is provided by an anodic cermet made of nickel and proton conducting materials. However, the state-of-the-art proton conducting materials demonstrates insufficient mechanical strength in comparison to the conventional oxygen ion conducting materials, for instance yttria stabilized zirconia, and makes the upscaling and the stacking of the cells extremely difficult. On the contrary, the metal supported cell architecture offers intrinsically superior mechanical strength. Nonetheless, the fabrication of gas-tight electrolyte without a high temperature thermal treatment, typically at 1400°C, remains a key challenge for metal-supported cells. In the European project EVOLVE (FCH JU Grant 303429 – 2012/2017), we have successfully demonstrated a metal supported SOC implementing a multilayer thin-film electrolyte (Figure 1) produced by PVD and manufactured at temperatures below 1000°C. Based on this experience, we propose to translate this architecture to planar MS PCCs. Here, we present the manufacturing strategy specifically designed for metal supported cells with thin-film HTPC electrolyte. Progress in the development of each compartment including the thin-film electrolyte and electrode materials, for both fuel and air side, will be given. Prospects and challenges will be discussed.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/115745/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Materials, Architecture and Prospects for Proton Conducting Ceramic based Metal Supported Cells
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Han, FengFeng.Han (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Sata, Norikonoriko.sata (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Semerad, RobertceracoUNSPECIFIED
Schiller, GünterGuenter.Schiller (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-5093-7625
Costa, Rémiremi.costa (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-3534-1935
Date:17 October 2017
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:proton conducting ceramics, metal supported architecture, electrochemical conversion
Event Title:International Workshop on Protonic Ceramic Fuel Cells Status & Prospects
Event Location:Bordeaux, France
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:16-18, Okt. 2017
HGF - Research field:Energy
HGF - Program:Storage and Cross-linked Infrastructures
HGF - Program Themes:Electrolysis and Hydrogen
DLR - Research area:Energy
DLR - Program:E SP - Energy Storage
DLR - Research theme (Project):E - Elektrochemical Processes (Electrolysis)
Location: Stuttgart
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Engineering Thermodynamics > Electrochemical Energy Technology
Deposited By: Metzger-Sata, Dr. Noriko
Deposited On:01 Dec 2017 14:03
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 20:13

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