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Sulfur Poisoning of Electrochemical Reformate Conversion on Ni/Gadolinium-Doped Ceria Electrodes

Riegraf, Matthias and Hoerlein, Michael and Costa, Rémi and Schiller, Günter and Friedrich, Kaspar Andreas (2017) Sulfur Poisoning of Electrochemical Reformate Conversion on Ni/Gadolinium-Doped Ceria Electrodes. ACS Catalysis. American Chemical society (ACS). ISSN 2155-5435

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Abstract

The aim of the present study is the measurement and understanding of sulfur poisoning phe-nomena in Ni/gadolinium-doped ceria (CGO) based solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC) operating on reformate fuels. The sulfur poisoning behavior of commercial, high-performance electro-lyte-supported cells (ESC) with Ni/Ce0.9Gd0.1O2‒d(CGO10) anodes operated with different fuels was thoroughly investigated by means of current-voltage characteristics and electro-chemical impedance spectroscopy, and compared with Ni/Yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) anodes. Various methane- and carbon monoxide-containing fuels were used in order to eluci-date the underlying reaction mechanism. The analysis of the cell resistance increase in H2/H2O/CO/CO2 fuel gas mixtures revealed that the poisoning behavior is mainly governed by an inhibited hydrogen oxidation reaction at low current densities. At higher current densities, the resistance increase becomes increasingly large, indicating a particularly severe poisoning effect on the carbon monoxide conversion reactions. However, the ability of Ni/CGO anodes to convert carbon monoxide even at H2S concentration up to 20 ppm was demonstrated, while this was not possible for Ni/YSZ. The sulfur poisoning behavior of Ni/CGO in reformate fuels was fully reversible for short exposure times. From methane steam reforming experiments, it is deduced that the Ni surface is blocked and thus, the water gas shift reaction is fully deactivated as well. However, electrochemical CO oxidation on the CGO surface was shown to be still active. The present results clearly demonstrate that the high sulfur tolerance of Ni/CGO is not only limited to H2/H2O fuel systems, but also extends to CO-containing gases.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/115358/
Document Type:Article
Title:Sulfur Poisoning of Electrochemical Reformate Conversion on Ni/Gadolinium-Doped Ceria Electrodes
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Riegraf, MatthiasMatthias.Riegraf (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-0383-2545
Hoerlein, MichaelMichael.Hoerlein (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Costa, Rémiremi.costa (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-3534-1935
Schiller, GünterGuenter.Schiller (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-5093-7625
Friedrich, Kaspar AndreasAndreas.Friedrich (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:2017
Journal or Publication Title:ACS Catalysis
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Publisher:American Chemical society (ACS)
ISSN:2155-5435
Status:Published
Keywords:Solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC), anode, degradation, ceria, Ni/GDC, electrochemistry, fuel cells
HGF - Research field:Energy
HGF - Program:Storage and Cross-linked Infrastructures
HGF - Program Themes:Fuel cells
DLR - Research area:Energy
DLR - Program:E SP - Energy Storage
DLR - Research theme (Project):E - Electrochemical Processes (Fuel Cells)
Location: Stuttgart
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Engineering Thermodynamics > Electrochemical Energy Technology
Deposited By: Riegraf, Matthias
Deposited On:19 Dec 2017 18:09
Last Modified:08 Mar 2018 18:40

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