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Solar hydrogen production via sulphur based thermochemical water-splitting

Sattler, Christian and Roeb, Martin and Agrafiotis, Christos and Thomey, Dennis (2017) Solar hydrogen production via sulphur based thermochemical water-splitting. Solar Energy, 156, pp. 30-47. Elsevier. DOI: 10.1016/j.solener.2017.05.060 ISSN 0038-092X

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Abstract

The first technical developments on thermochemical cycles for hydrogen production are based on the use of sulphur as a redox material. After the oil crises of the 1970s, high temperature (over 1200 K) heat from nuclear very high temperature reactors (VHTRs) was considered as a promising energy vector to produce fuels for the transport sector. The chemical reactions to convert water into hydrogen must fit to this heat source. As metal-oxide based cycles need higher temperature levels they were not taken into account at that time. The development of the sulphur cycles lost momentum during the 1980s because of cheap fossil fuels. But in the beginning of the 2000s they came back into the focus with the intention to reduce CO2 emissions. At that time their coupling to heat from concentrated solar radiation in large scale was developed. The interest from the nuclear energy side faded again when the interest in VHTRs lost momentum. In parallel concentrated solar technologies were not implemented fast enough. The developments were mainly achieved by research institutions that concentrated more on the metal-oxide technologies. However, sulphur based cycles remain very promising because the necessary temperature is low compared to metal-oxide cycles and sulphur and sulphuric acid are amongst the most important chemical products offering a high potential of synergies with other processes. The present analysis gives an overview on recent developments and the state-of-the-art of this type of cycles, has a look on the most important performance parameters involved, and gives an outlook on further potential and necessary developments.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/114941/
Document Type:Article
Title:Solar hydrogen production via sulphur based thermochemical water-splitting
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Sattler, ChristianChristian.Sattler (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-4314-1124
Roeb, MartinMartin.Roeb (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Agrafiotis, ChristosChristos.Agrafiotis (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Thomey, DennisDennis.Thomey (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-6936-3350
Date:29 May 2017
Journal or Publication Title:Solar Energy
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:156
DOI :10.1016/j.solener.2017.05.060
Page Range:pp. 30-47
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0038-092X
Status:Published
Keywords:Redox reaction Water splitting Thermochemical cycles Sulphur cycles Sulphuric acid SI Sulphur iodine Hybrid sulphur
HGF - Research field:Energy
HGF - Program:Renewable Energies
HGF - Program Themes:Solar Fuels
DLR - Research area:Energy
DLR - Program:E SW - Solar and Wind Energy
DLR - Research theme (Project):E - Solar Fuels
Location: Jülich , Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Solar Research > Solar Chemical Engineering
Deposited By: Sattler, Prof. Dr. Christian
Deposited On:03 Nov 2017 11:34
Last Modified:03 Nov 2017 11:34

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