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Peri-urban land use pattern and its relation to land use planning in Ghana, West Africa

Kleemann, Janina and Inkoom, Justice Nana and Thiel, Michael and Shankar, Sangeetha and Lautenbach, Sven and Fürst, Christine (2017) Peri-urban land use pattern and its relation to land use planning in Ghana, West Africa. Landscape and Urban Planning, 165, pp. 280-294. Elsevier. DOI: dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.landurbplan.2017.02.004 ISSN 0169-2046

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Official URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0169204617300270?via%3Dihub

Abstract

Population growth, economic development, and rural migration to urban areas have caused rapid expansion of urban centres in Ghana. One reason is that spatial planning and in particular urban planning face different social, economic and political challenges which hinder a structured and planned urban development, therefore causing urban sprawl. We hypothesise that different peri-urban patterns are driven by geographical, historical, cultural and economic discrepancies between southern and northern Ghana, and reflect the effectiveness of land use planning instruments. We tested our hypothesis by comparing patterns of urban development in two case study regions: Takoradi in southern Ghana and Bolgatanga in northern Ghana, representing an economically vibrant and a non-vibrant region, respectively. This paper provides new insights for the study sites based on a mixed-method approach. We applied an interdisciplinary approach combining expert interviews, a literature review, and a bi-temporal change analysis based on remote sensing/geo-information systems. We assigned confidence levels of the findings from the respective methods based on their plausibility and sensitivity. Expert opinion indicated that land use planning fails due to the lack of implementation of legal regulations, to the customary land tenure and lack of participation of local citizens in the planning process. The remote sensing analysis revealed that urban development was stronger in Takoradi (7.1% increase between 2007 and 2013) than in Bolgatanga (1.1% increase between 2007 and 2013). Urban development patterns differ with a dominance of small-scale scattered settlement units (SUs) in Bolgatanga and a mixture of small- and large-scale SUs in Takoradi. Besides population growth, markets and industry are identified as major drivers of urban development in the Takoradi area (large SUs) and customary land tenure in the Bolgatanga area (small SUs).

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/114843/
Document Type:Article
Title:Peri-urban land use pattern and its relation to land use planning in Ghana, West Africa
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Kleemann, Janinajkleemann (at) uni-bonn.deUNSPECIFIED
Inkoom, Justice Nanajustinkoom (at) yahoo.comUNSPECIFIED
Thiel, Michaelmichael.thiel (at) uni-wuerzburg.deUNSPECIFIED
Shankar, SangeethaSangeetha.Shankar (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Lautenbach, Svenslautenb (at) uni-bonn.deUNSPECIFIED
Fürst, Christinechristine.fuerst (at) geo.uni-halle.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:September 2017
Journal or Publication Title:Landscape and Urban Planning
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:165
DOI :dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.landurbplan.2017.02.004
Page Range:pp. 280-294
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0169-2046
Status:Published
Keywords:Population growth; Urban development; Urban sprawl; Land tenure; Land use change; Drivers; Confidence level analysis; Remote Sensing; Interviews
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Earth Observation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Geowissenschaftl. Fernerkundungs- und GIS-Verfahren
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:German Remote Sensing Data Center
Deposited By: Wöhrl, Monika
Deposited On:09 Nov 2017 10:11
Last Modified:23 Feb 2019 00:21

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