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Ionosphere Monitoring

Jakowski, N. (2017) Ionosphere Monitoring. In: Handbook of Global Navigation Satellite Systems Springer Verlag. pp. 1139-1159. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-42928-1_39. ISBN 978-3-319-4292926-7.

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Global navigation satellite system (GSSS)-based monitoring of the ionosphere is important in a twofold manner. Firstly, GNSS measurements provide valuable ionospheric information for correcting and mitigating ionospheric range errors or to warn users in particular in precise and safety of life (SoL) applications. Secondly, spatial and temporal resolution of ground- and space-based measurements is high enough to explore the dynamics of ionospheric processes such as the origin and propagation of ionospheric storms. It is discussed how ground- and space-based GNSS measurements are used to create globalmaps of total electron content (TEC) and to reconstruct the highly variable three-dimensional (3-D) electron density distribution on global scale under perturbed conditions. Thus, the monitoring results can be used for correcting ionospheric errors in single-frequency applications as well as for studying the driving forces of space weather-induced perturbation features at a broad range of temporal and spatial scales. Whereas large- and mediumscale perturbations affect accuracy and reliability of GNSS measurements, small-scale plasma irregularities and plasma bubbles have a direct impact on the continuity of GNSS availability by causing strong and rapid fluctuations of the signal strength, known as radio scintillations. It is discussed how better understanding of space weather-related phenomena may help to model and forecast ionospheric behavior even under perturbed conditions. Hence, ionospheric monitoring contributes to the successful mitigation of range errors or performance degradation associated with the ionospheric impact on a broad spectrum of GNSS applications.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/114331/
Document Type:Book Section
Title:Ionosphere Monitoring
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Journal or Publication Title:Handbook of Global Navigation Satellite Systems
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Page Range:pp. 1139-1159
Publisher:Springer Verlag
Keywords:Ionosphäre, GNSS, Scintillation, Space Weather
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Communication and Navigation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R KN - Kommunikation und Navigation
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Ionosphäre (old)
Location: Neustrelitz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Communication and Navigation
Deposited By: Berdermann, Dr Jens
Deposited On:17 Oct 2017 09:52
Last Modified:03 Aug 2023 08:19

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