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Hydrogen generation by electrolysis and storage in salt caverns: Potentials, economics and Systems aspects with regard to the German energy transition

Michalski, Jan and Bünger, Ulrich and Crotogino, Fritz and Donadei, Sabine and Schneider, Gregor-Sönke and Pregger, Thomas and Cao, Karl-Kiên and Heide, Dominik (2017) Hydrogen generation by electrolysis and storage in salt caverns: Potentials, economics and Systems aspects with regard to the German energy transition. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 42 (19), pp. 13427-13443. Elsevier. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2017.02.102 ISBN 0360-3199 ISSN 0360-3199

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2017.02.102

Abstract

The Plan-DelyKaD project focused on an in-depth comparison of relevant electrolysis technologies, identified criteria for and selected most relevant salt cavern sites in Germany, studied business case potentials for applying hydrogen taken from storage to different end-users and engaged in identifying the future role of hydrogen from large scale storage in the German energy system. The focus of this paper is on the latter three topics above. The bottom-up investigation of most suitable salt cavern sites was used as input for a model-based analysis of microeconomic and macroeconomic aspects. The results identify dimensions and locations of possible hydrogen Storages mostly in Northern Germany with ample potential to support the integration of fluctuating renewable electricity into the German power system. The microeconomic analysis demonstrates that the most promising early business case for hydrogen energy from large scale storage is its application as a fuel for the mobility sector. From a System perspective the analysis reveals that an optimized implementation of hydrogen generation via electrolysis and storage in salt caverns will have a positive impact on the power system in terms of reduced curtailments of wind power plants and lower residual peak loads.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/114013/
Document Type:Article
Title:Hydrogen generation by electrolysis and storage in salt caverns: Potentials, economics and Systems aspects with regard to the German energy transition
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Michalski, JanlbstUNSPECIFIED
Bünger, UlrichlbstUNSPECIFIED
Crotogino, Fritzkbb underground technologiesUNSPECIFIED
Donadei, Sabinekbb underground technologiesUNSPECIFIED
Schneider, Gregor-Sönkekbb underground technologiesUNSPECIFIED
Pregger, Thomasthomas.pregger (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-6728-7451
Cao, Karl-Kiênkarl-kien.cao (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Heide, DominikdlrUNSPECIFIED
Date:2017
Journal or Publication Title:International Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:42
DOI :10.1016/j.ijhydene.2017.02.102
Page Range:pp. 13427-13443
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0360-3199
ISBN:0360-3199
Status:Published
Keywords:Energy storage system, Energy transition, Hydrogen production, Hydrogen storage, Salt cavern
HGF - Research field:Energy
HGF - Program:Technology, Innovation and Society
HGF - Program Themes:Renewable Energy and Material Resources for Sustainable Futures - Integrating at Different Scales
DLR - Research area:Energy
DLR - Program:E SY - Energy Systems Analysis
DLR - Research theme (Project):E - Systems Analysis and Technology Assessment
Location: Stuttgart
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Engineering Thermodynamics > Systems Analysis and Technology Assessment
Deposited By: Pregger, Dr.-Ing. Thomas
Deposited On:13 Sep 2017 12:37
Last Modified:10 Jan 2019 15:48

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