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Effect of component substitution on the atomic dynamics in glass-forming binary metallic melts

Nowak, Benedikt and Holland-Moritz, Dirk and Yang, Fan and Voigtmann, Thomas and Evenson, Zachary and Hansen, T.C. and Meyer, Andreas (2017) Effect of component substitution on the atomic dynamics in glass-forming binary metallic melts. Physical Review B, 96 (5), 054201. American Physical Society. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.96.054201 ISSN 1098-0121

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.96.054201

Abstract

We investigate the substitution of early transition metals (Zr, Hf, and Nb) in Ni-based binary glass-forming metallic melts and the impact on structural and dynamical properties by using a combination of neutron scattering, electrostatic levitation (ESL), and isotopic substitution. The self-diffusion coefficients measured by quasielastic neutron scattering (QENS) identify a sluggish diffusion as well as an increased activation energy by almost a factor of 2 for Hf35Ni65 compared to Zr36Ni64. This finding can be explained by the locally higher packing density of Hf atoms in Hf35Ni65 compared to Zr atoms in Zr36Ni64, which has been derived from interatomic distances by analyzing the measured partial structure factors. Furthermore, QENS measurements of liquid Hf35Ni65 prepared with 60Ni, which has a vanishing incoherent scattering cross section, have demonstrated that self-diffusion of Hf is slowed down compared to the concentration weighted self-diffusion of Hf and Ni. This implies a dynamical decoupling between larger Hf and smaller Ni atoms, which can be related to a saturation effect of unequal atomic nearest-neighbor pairs, that was observed recently for Ni-rich compositions in Zr-Ni metallic melts. In order to establish a structure-dynamics relation, measured partial structure factors have been used as an input for mode-coupling theory (MCT) of the glass transition to calculate self-diffusion coefficients for the different atomic components. Remarkably,MCT can reproduce the increased activation energy for Hf35Ni65 as well as the dynamical decoupling between Hf and Ni atoms.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/113924/
Document Type:Article
Title:Effect of component substitution on the atomic dynamics in glass-forming binary metallic melts
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Nowak, BenediktBenedikt.Nowak (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Holland-Moritz, Dirkdirk.holland-moritz (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Yang, Fanfan.yang (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Voigtmann, Thomasthomas.voigtmann (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Evenson, ZacharyZachary.Evenson (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Hansen, T.C.institute laue-langevin (ill), 38042 grenoble, franceUNSPECIFIED
Meyer, Andreasandreas.meyer (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:7 August 2017
Journal or Publication Title:Physical Review B
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:No
Volume:96
DOI :10.1103/PhysRevB.96.054201
Page Range:054201
Publisher:American Physical Society
ISSN:1098-0121
Status:Published
Keywords:Glass-forming metallic melts, Diffusion, Strutural properties, Neutron diffraction, Quasi-elastic neutron scattering, Mode coupling theory
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Research under Space Conditions
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R FR - Forschung unter Weltraumbedingungen
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Materialdesign und neue Materialien
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Materials Physics in Space
Deposited By: Nowak, Benedikt
Deposited On:18 Sep 2017 12:58
Last Modified:06 Sep 2019 15:29

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