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Ground-based optical position measurements of space debris in low earth orbits

Hampf, Daniel and Riede, Wolfgang and Stöckle, Gabriel and Buske, Ivo (2013) Ground-based optical position measurements of space debris in low earth orbits. Deutsche Luft- und Raumfahrtkongress 2013, 10.09. - 12.09.2013, Stuttgart.

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Abstract

The increasing amount of space debris requires the satellite operators to handle a growing number of collision risk assessments in order to eventually perform collision avoidance manoeuvrers. For this scheme to work effective and reliable, the acquisition of highly accurate orbital position data of detected threatening space debris is necessary. The successful experimental demonstration of our earlier published concept on laser-based distance measurements of space debris in low earth orbits has proven this technique to be feasible for this task. Hereby a powerful short pulse laser system within a ground-based transceiver set-up is used to measure the time-of-flight of the back-scattered laser pulse from the space debris object. The time-of-flight information ultimately correlates with the object distance. A passive optical tracking unit equipped with a highly sensitive camera system is used for initial localisation and coarse determination of the debris position to guide the laser towards its target. In addition this unit provides the capability to determine accurate angular position information using the recorded star background. To experimentally investigate the potential contribution of a passive optical tracking unit for the debris position determination and to further develop our proposed concept, we have installed a passive-optical station at the public observatory on the Uhlandsh¨ohe in Stuttgart. We will discuss the requirements and the technical difficulties to set up such a system. Thereby we highlight the system parameters which influence the measurement accuracy as well as the debris size threshold. Furthermore we will give an outlook on our planned developments for the future.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/113847/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Ground-based optical position measurements of space debris in low earth orbits
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Hampf, Danieldaniel.hampf (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Riede, Wolfgangwolfgang.riede (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Stöckle, Gabrielgabriel.stoeckle (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Buske, Ivoivo.buske (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:2013
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:space debris, debris monitoring
Event Title:Deutsche Luft- und Raumfahrtkongress 2013
Event Location:Stuttgart
Event Type:national Conference
Event Dates:10.09. - 12.09.2013
Organizer:Deutsche Gesellschaft für Luft- und Raumfahrt
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Technology
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R SY - Technik für Raumfahrtsysteme
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Laserbasiertes SSA (old)
Location: Stuttgart
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Technical Physics > Active Optical Systems
Deposited By: Hampf, Daniel
Deposited On:07 Sep 2017 13:35
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 20:11

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