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Performance Assessment in the PILOT Experiment On Board Space Stations Mir and ISS

Johannes, Bernd Wolfgang and Salnitski, Vyacheslav P. and Dudukin, A.V and Shevchenko, Lev and Bronnikov, S.V. (2016) Performance Assessment in the PILOT Experiment On Board Space Stations Mir and ISS. Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance, 87 (6), pp. 534-544. Aerospace Medical Association. DOI: 10.3357/AMHP.4433.2016 ISSN 2375-6314

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: The aim of this investigation into the performance and reliability of Russian cosmonauts in hand-controlled docking of a spacecraft on a space station (experiment PILOT) was to enhance overall mission safety and crew training efficiency. The preliminary findings on the Mir space station suggested that a break in docking training of about 90 d significantly degraded performance. METHODS: Intensified experiment schedules on the International Space Station (ISS) have allowed for a monthly experiment using an on-board simulator. Therefore, instead of just three training tasks as on Mir, five training flights per session have been implemented on the ISS. This experiment was run in parallel but independently of the operational docking training the cosmonauts receive. RESULTS: First, performance was compared between the experiments on the two space stations by nonparametric testing. Performance differed significantly between space stations preflight, in flight, and postflight. Second, performance was analyzed by modeling the linear mixed effects of all variances (LME). The fixed factors space station, mission phases, training task numbers, and their interaction were analyzed. Cosmonauts were designated as a random factor. All fixed factors were found to be significant and the interaction between stations and mission phase was also significant. DISCUSSION: In summary, performance on the ISS was shown to be significantly improved, thus enhancing mission safety. Additional approaches to docking performance assessment and prognosis are presented and discussed

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/113840/
Document Type:Article
Title:Performance Assessment in the PILOT Experiment On Board Space Stations Mir and ISS
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Johannes, Bernd WolfgangBernd.Johannes (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Salnitski, Vyacheslav P.division of psychophysiology and neurophysiology of operator’s activity, state research center of russian federation, institute for biomedical problems ras, moscow, russiaUNSPECIFIED
Dudukin, A.Vdivision of psychophysiology and neurophysiology of operator’s activity, state research center of russian federation, institute for biomedical problems ras, moscow, russiaUNSPECIFIED
Shevchenko, LevUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Bronnikov, S.V.division of psychophysiology and neurophysiology of operator’s activity, state research center of russian federation, institute for biomedical problems ras, moscow, russiaUNSPECIFIED
Date:June 2016
Journal or Publication Title:Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:87
DOI :10.3357/AMHP.4433.2016
Page Range:pp. 534-544
Publisher:Aerospace Medical Association
ISSN:2375-6314
Status:Published
Keywords:spacefl ight , manual docking training , Soyuz , Progress , individual styles , prediction
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Research under Space Conditions
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R FR - Forschung unter Weltraumbedingungen
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Weltraumpsychologie
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Muscle and Bone Metabolism
Deposited By: Becker, Christine
Deposited On:30 Aug 2017 15:30
Last Modified:23 Feb 2019 00:21

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