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Psychophysiological assessment in pilots performing challenging simulated and real flight maneuvers

Johannes, Bernd and Rothe, S and Gens, Andre and Westphal, Stephan and Birkenfeld, K and Mulder, Edwin and Rittweger, Jörn and Ledderhos, Carla (2017) Psychophysiological assessment in pilots performing challenging simulated and real flight maneuvers. Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance, 88 (9), pp. 834-840. Aerospace Medical Association. DOI: 10.3357/AMHP.4782.2017 ISSN 2375-6314

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: The objective assessment of psychophysiological arousal during challenging flight maneuvers is of great interest to aerospace medicine, but remains a challenging task. In the study presented here, a vector-methodological approach was used which integrates different psychophysiological variables, yielding an integral arousal index called the Psychophysiological Arousal Value (PAV). METHODS: The arousal levels of 15 male pilots were assessed during predetermined, well-defined flight maneuvers performed under simulated and real flight conditions. RESULTS: The physiological data, as expected, revealed inter- and intra-individual differences for the various measurement conditions. As indicated by the PAV, air-to-air refueling (AAR) turned out to be the most challenging task. In general, arousal levels were comparable between simulator and real flight conditions. However, a distinct difference was observed when the pilots were divided by instructors into two groups based on their proficiency in AAR with AWACS (AAR-Novices vs. AAR-Professionals). AAR-Novices had on average more than 2000 flight hours on other aircrafts. They showed higher arousal reactions to AAR in real flight (contact: PAV score 8.4 ± 0.37) than under simulator conditions (7.1 ± 0.30), whereas AAR-Professionals did not (8.5 ± 0.46 vs. 8.8 ± 0.80). DISCUSSION: The psychophysiological arousal value assessment was tested in field measurements, yielding quantifiable arousal differences between proficiency groups of pilots during simulated and real flight conditions. The method used in this study allows an evaluation of the psychophysiological cost during a certain flying performance and thus is possibly a valuable tool for objectively evaluating the actual skill status of pilots

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/113826/
Document Type:Article
Title:Psychophysiological assessment in pilots performing challenging simulated and real flight maneuvers
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Johannes, Bernddivision space physiology, institute of aerospace medicine, german aerospace center, bernd.johannes (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Rothe, SUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Gens, Andreflugmedizinisches institut der luftwaffe, fürstenfeldbruckUNSPECIFIED
Westphal, Stephanstephan.westphal (at) tu-clausthal.deUNSPECIFIED
Birkenfeld, KUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Mulder, Edwingerman aerospace center (dlr), institute of aerospace medicine, space physiology, cologne, germanyUNSPECIFIED
Rittweger, JörnJoern.Rittweger (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-2223-8963
Ledderhos, Carlagerman air force institut for aviation medicine, fürstenfeldbruckUNSPECIFIED
Date:September 2017
Journal or Publication Title:Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:88
DOI :10.3357/AMHP.4782.2017
Page Range:pp. 834-840
Publisher:Aerospace Medical Association
ISSN:2375-6314
Status:Published
Keywords:psychophysiological arousal assessment , air-to-air-refueling , AWACS
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Research under Space Conditions
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R FR - Forschung unter Weltraumbedingungen
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Weltraumpsychologie
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Muscle and Bone Metabolism
Deposited By: Becker, Christine
Deposited On:30 Aug 2017 15:29
Last Modified:23 Feb 2019 00:21

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