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Synchronization in systems with linear, yet nonreciprocal interactions

Räth, Christoph and Haslauer, Michael and Laut, Ingo (2017) Synchronization in systems with linear, yet nonreciprocal interactions. SigmaPhi 2017, 10.-14. Juli 2017, Korfu, Griechenland. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Synchronization of oscillatory subsystems is a widespread phenomenon with examples in biology, neuroscience, chemistry and physics like frequency locked Josephson arrays, pedestrians on a bridge locking their gait or the theoretically well described synchronization of metronomes. All these examples have in common that they are somehow connected to the synchronization theory of nonlinear limit cycle oscillators. It is thus often argued that the presence of nonlinearities is a necessary prerequisite for synchronization to happen. In this contribution we study synchronization in complex plasmas, which are plasmas containing microparticles in addition to ions, electrons and neutral gas atoms of the plasma. These microparticles show a strong (nonlinear) Coulomb interaction. These systems can form so-called plasma crystals. In experiments under gravity conditions these plasma crystals are two-dimensional hexagonal crystalline structures. They show a plasma specific melting mechanism called mode-coupling instability (MCI). MCI is a consequence of the effective nonreciprocal interactions of the microparticles. Nonreciprocal means that Newton's third law "actio = reactio" is violated if focusing on the microparticles. This is possible because the effective interactions of the microparticles are mediated by a nonequilibrium environment of flowing plasma ions. Recently, the observation of synchronized particle motion during such a mode-coupling instability induced melting of a two-dimensional plasma crystal was reported. In order to disentangle the effects of nonlinearity and nonreciprocity on the emergence of synchronization, we solved numerically the nonlinear and the linearized system in separate integration runs for identical lattice and system configurations, where the interaction force was linearized around the equilibrium configuration of the crystal. Analyzing the onset of the synchronization with a newly developed, Kuramoto-inspired order parameter reveals that a linearized version of the interaction model exhibits exactly the same synchronization patterns as the complete nonlinear interaction model. Further theoretical considerations then naturally show that the nonreciprocal interactions of the microparticles provide a mechanism for the selection of dominant wave modes causing the system to show synchronized motion. In conclusion, we demonstrate numerically and analytically that - in contrast to common belief - also linear systems can synchronize and that the nonreciprocity of the interaction is the decisive property for a linear n-body system to synchronize.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/113818/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Synchronization in systems with linear, yet nonreciprocal interactions
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Räth, Christophchristoph.raeth (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Haslauer, Michaelforschungsgruppe komplexe plasmenUNSPECIFIED
Laut, IngoIngo.Laut (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:2017
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Unpublished
Keywords:Synchronization, Complex Plasmas, Nonreciprocal Interactions
Event Title:SigmaPhi 2017
Event Location:Korfu, Griechenland
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:10.-14. Juli 2017
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Research under Space Conditions
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R FR - Forschung unter Weltraumbedingungen
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Komplexe Plasmen / Data analysis
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Materials Physics in Space > Research Group Complex Plasma
Deposited By: Räth, Christoph
Deposited On:09 Oct 2017 07:29
Last Modified:09 Oct 2017 07:29

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