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Comparison of Direct Operating Cost and Life Cycle Cost-Benefit Methods in Aircraft Technology Assessment

Pohya, Ahmad Ali and Wicke, Kai and Hartmann, Johannes (2018) Comparison of Direct Operating Cost and Life Cycle Cost-Benefit Methods in Aircraft Technology Assessment. SciTech 2018, 08.-12. Jan. 2018, Kissimmee, Florida. DOI: 10.2514/6.2018-0282

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Abstract

Estimating the direct operating costs (DOC) is a common way to assess new technologies and aircraft designs. In aircraft technology assessment, a variety of DOC methods (i.e. sets of equations relating known aircraft parameters with operating costs) find their application, yet the explanation of choice is usually omitted. Alternatively, life cycle based models can be used, which incorporate the technologys' impact throughout all life phases. However, their usage is less common. The objective of this paper is to analyze the effort and effectiveness of DOC methods compared to the life cycle cost-benefit model developed by DLR. To do so, the first part of the paper deals with the differences of selected DOC models applied on hybrid laminar flow control (HLFC) as a use case. Effort and extent are investigated and sensitivities regarding key parameters (i.e. fuel price and system mass change) are analyzed. In the second part, the life cycle based model is presented and applied on the same aircraft to assess HLFC. After the results in terms of Net Present Value and Internal Rate of Return, the impact on total operating costs as well as on line and base maintenance are shown. Furthermore, sensitivity studies regarding uncertainties are performed, which give a full picture of the economical impact to be expected by applying laminar flow control. While all models yield an economical benefit, the different DOC methods show considerable variations in their results. The life cycle based method requires more detailed information, but provide a detailed breakdown of the economic impact of HLFC.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/113625/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Comparison of Direct Operating Cost and Life Cycle Cost-Benefit Methods in Aircraft Technology Assessment
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Pohya, Ahmad Aliahmad.pohya (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-2734-3199
Wicke, Kaikai.wicke (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Hartmann, JohannesJohannes.Hartmann (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:8 January 2018
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
DOI :10.2514/6.2018-0282
Status:Published
Keywords:direct operating costs, life cycle cost benefit analysis, technology assessment
Event Title:SciTech 2018
Event Location:Kissimmee, Florida
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:08.-12. Jan. 2018
Organizer:AIAA
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:fixed-wing aircraft
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L AR - Aircraft Research
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Flight Physics
Location: Hamburg
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Maintenance, Repair and Overhaul > Product Life Cycle Management
Institute of System Architectures in Aeronautics > Aircraft Design and System Integration
Deposited By: Pohya, M.Sc. Ahmad Ali
Deposited On:14 Aug 2017 14:49
Last Modified:14 Feb 2018 15:30

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