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Aeroecology meets aviation safety: Early warning Systems in Europe and the Middle East to prevent collisions between birds and aircraft

van Gasteren, Hans and Klauke, Nadine and Krijgsveld, Karen and Lesshem, Yossi and Metz, Isabel Carole and Skakuj, Michal and Sorbi, Serge and Shamoun-Baranes, Judy (2019) Aeroecology meets aviation safety: Early warning Systems in Europe and the Middle East to prevent collisions between birds and aircraft. Ecography. Wiley. ISSN 0906-7590.

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The aerosphere is utilized by billions of birds, moving for different reasons and from short to great distances spanning tens of thousands of kilometres. The aerosphere, however, is also utilized by aviation creating increasing conflicts in and around airfields as well as en-route. Collisions between birds and aircraft cost billions of euros annually and, in some cases, result in the loss of human lives. Simultaneously, aviation has diverse negative impacts on wildlife. During avian migration, due to the sheer numbers of birds in the air, the risk of bird strikes becomes particularly acute especially for military aviation. Over the last few decades, air forces across Europe and the Middle East have been developing solutions that integrate ecological research and aviation policy to reduce mutual negative interactions between birds and aircraft. The aims of this study are (1) to provide a brief overview of the systems currently used in aviation to monitor bird migration movements in the aerosphere, (2) to estimate their impact and effectiveness in bird strike avoidance, and (3) to show the integral role of operational weather radar networks. We compare systems in the Netherlands, Belgium, Germany, Poland and Israel, areas that are crossed twice a year by huge fluxes of Palearctic migrants. We focus mainly on en-route conflicts and migration forecast systems. In addition, we describe how civil aviation can benefit from these military developments. We conclude by showing the roles of operational weather radar networks, forecast models and international and interdisciplinary collaboration to create safer skies for aviation and birds.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/113312/
Document Type:Article
Title:Aeroecology meets aviation safety: Early warning Systems in Europe and the Middle East to prevent collisions between birds and aircraft
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
van Gasteren, HansRoyal Netherlands Air ForceUNSPECIFIED
Klauke, NadineZentrum für Geoinformatik der BundeswehrUNSPECIFIED
Krijgsveld, KarenRoyal Netherlands Air ForceUNSPECIFIED
Lesshem, YossiTel Aviv UniversityUNSPECIFIED
Metz, Isabel CaroleDLR / Delft University of TechnologyUNSPECIFIED
Skakuj, MichalPolish Air ForceUNSPECIFIED
Sorbi, SergeBelgian Air ForceUNSPECIFIED
Shamoun-Baranes, JudyUniversity of AmsterdamUNSPECIFIED
Date:2 January 2019
Journal or Publication Title:Ecography
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Keywords:Bird Strike Avoidance, Radar Aeroecology, Bird Migration,
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:air traffic management and operations
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L AO - Air Traffic Management and Operation
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Air Traffic Concepts and Operation (old)
Location: Braunschweig
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Flight Guidance > ATM-Simulation
Deposited By: Metz, Isabel Carole
Deposited On:25 Sep 2017 12:10
Last Modified:05 May 2020 04:21

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