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Ventilation Efficiency and Thermal Passenger Comfort of Novel Car Ventilation Concepts

Dehne, Tobias and Lange, Pascal and Volkmann, André and Schmeling, Daniel and Bosbach, Johannes (2017) Ventilation Efficiency and Thermal Passenger Comfort of Novel Car Ventilation Concepts. 2017 ASHRAE Annual Conference – June 24 – June 28, 2017 Long Beach, CA, USA, 24. - 28. Juni 2017, Los Angeles, USA.

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Official URL: http://ashraem.confex.com/ashraem/s17/cfp.cgi


Three novel ventilation systems are compared regarding their static performance to mixing ventilation in a full-scale generic car cabin mock-up (GCC) under winter, spring/fall and summer conditions. Herewith, our study focuses on the air supply efficiency and the equivalent temperature as measures to quantify the achievable air quality and thermal passenger comfort, respectively. The novel ventilation systems comprise cabin displacement ventilation (CDV), ceiling based cabin displacement ventilation (CCDV) and a hybrid CDV/CCDV ventilation setting (HV). As test environment, the GCC was equipped with four thermal passenger dummies (TPDs), which provide the thermal impact of the real passengers and serve as a means to access the local equivalent temperature at the same time. Further, the mock-up was equipped with a jacket heating/cooling system to experimentally simulate different seasonal conditions. Regarding ventilation efficiency, the novel ventilation concepts perform comparable or better than MV. At breathing level, CDV shows the best performance with LVEs 50% larger as compared to MV. Concerning passenger thermal comfort, none of the systems was able to provide comfortable conditions in the winter scenario. However, during spring/fall and summer conditions CCDV and HV provide the best thermal comfort. While the cooling efficiency is largest with MV and CDV during summer conditions, the novel systems provide improved heating efficiency in the winter scenarios.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/113080/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Additional Information:Abstract; DLR-Teilgebiet: Fluid Dynamics
Title:Ventilation Efficiency and Thermal Passenger Comfort of Novel Car Ventilation Concepts
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Schmeling, DanielUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-2712-9974
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Keywords:Novel ventilation concepts, passenger thermal comfort, generic car, supply efficiency, equivalent temperature
Event Title:2017 ASHRAE Annual Conference – June 24 – June 28, 2017 Long Beach, CA, USA
Event Location:Los Angeles, USA
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:24. - 28. Juni 2017
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Transport
HGF - Program Themes:Terrestrial Vehicles (old)
DLR - Research area:Transport
DLR - Program:V BF - Bodengebundene Fahrzeuge
DLR - Research theme (Project):V - NGC-Energiemanagement (old)
Location: Göttingen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute for Aerodynamics and Flow Technology > Fluid Systems, GO
Deposited By: Bachmann, Barbara
Deposited On:05 Oct 2017 16:56
Last Modified:05 Oct 2017 16:56

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