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Changes in muscle cross-sectional area, muscle force and jump performance during 6 weeks of progressive whole-body vibration combined with progressive, high intensity resistive training

Rosenberger, André and Beijer, Asa and Johannes, Bernd Wolfgang and Schoenau, Eckhardt and Mester, Joachim and Rittweger, Jörn and Zange, Jochen (2017) Changes in muscle cross-sectional area, muscle force and jump performance during 6 weeks of progressive whole-body vibration combined with progressive, high intensity resistive training. Journal of Musculoskeletal and Neuronal Interactions, 17 (2). International Society of Musculoskeletal and Neuronal Interactions. ISSN 1108-7161

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Abstract

Objectives: We hypothesized that progressive whole-body vibration (WBV) superimposed to progressive high intensity resistance training has greater effects on muscle cross-sectional area (CSA), muscle force of leg muscles, and jump performance than progressive high intensity resistance training alone. Methods: Two groups of healthy male subjects performed either 6 weeks of Resistive Vibration Exercise (RVE, squats and heel raises with WBV, n=13) or Resistive Exercise (RE, squats and heel raises without WBV, n=13). Squats under RVE required indispensable weight loading on the forefoot to damp harmful vibrations to the head. Time, intervention, and interaction effects were analyzed. Results: After 6 weeks of training, knee extensor CSA, isometric knee extension force, and counter movement jump height increased equally in both groups (time effect, P<0.001, P≤0.02, and P≤0.03, respectively), whereas only in RVE ankle plantar flexor CSA and isometric ankle plantar flexion force reached significance or a tendency, respectively, (time effect, P=0.015 and P=0.069, respectively; intervention effect also for the latter, P=0.006). Drop jump contact time did significantly more improve in RVE (interaction effect, P=0.042). Conclusions: RVE showed better training effects than RE only in plantar flexor muscles. RVE seems to be suitable in professional sports with a special focus on calf muscles.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/113055/
Document Type:Article
Title:Changes in muscle cross-sectional area, muscle force and jump performance during 6 weeks of progressive whole-body vibration combined with progressive, high intensity resistive training
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Rosenberger, Andréinstitute of aerospace medicine, german aerospace center (dlr), cologne, germany, andre.rosenberger (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Beijer, Asagerman aerospace center, institute of aerospace medicine and space physiology, cologne, germany; asa.beijer (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Johannes, Bernd WolfgangBernd.Johannes (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Schoenau, Eckhardtuniversity childrens hospital, cologne, germanyUNSPECIFIED
Mester, Joachimdeutsche sporthochschule kölnUNSPECIFIED
Rittweger, JörnJoern.Rittweger (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-2223-8963
Zange, JochenJochen.Zange (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-1822-0952
Date:1 June 2017
Journal or Publication Title:Journal of Musculoskeletal and Neuronal Interactions
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:Yes
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:17
Publisher:International Society of Musculoskeletal and Neuronal Interactions
ISSN:1108-7161
Status:Published
Keywords:Hypertrophy, Strength Training, Squats, Heel Raises, Maximal Voluntary Contraction
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Research under Space Conditions
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R FR - Forschung unter Weltraumbedingungen
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Effects of Mikro-g und Hyper-g
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Space Physiology
Deposited By: Becker, Christine
Deposited On:04 Jul 2017 12:37
Last Modified:10 Jan 2019 15:51

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