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A Hybrid Self-Tracking Receiver Implementation with Direction-of-Arrival Estimation for Retro-Directive Antenna Systems

Winterstein, Andreas and Dreher, Achim (2017) A Hybrid Self-Tracking Receiver Implementation with Direction-of-Arrival Estimation for Retro-Directive Antenna Systems. IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, PP (99), pp. 1-10. IEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. DOI: 10.1109/TMTT.2017.2769652 ISSN 0018-9480

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Abstract

Self-tracking receivers have been suggested for satellite and mobile communication applications. In this paper, we propose and demonstrate an array receiver (Rx) architecture based on phase-locked loops. The system is capable of automatically tracking a moving source and providing direction-of-arrival (DOA) estimates calculated from array signal phase differences. After deriving the system transfer functions, we show a digital implementation of the receiver and experimentally prove its phase detection capability. In combination with an eight-element linear array and analog front ends, we build a hybrid receiver and demonstrate its DOA estimation performance in static and dynamic outdoor setups. This paper gives the details about theoretic principles, implementation concept, and realization of the proposed receiver. We demonstrate DOA errors below 4° and show the reproducibility of the results. Using dynamic experiments, we verify the tracking ability of the system, which makes it applicable to retrodirective antennas.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/112945/
Document Type:Article
Title:A Hybrid Self-Tracking Receiver Implementation with Direction-of-Arrival Estimation for Retro-Directive Antenna Systems
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Winterstein, AndreasAndreas.Winterstein (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-5239-5556
Dreher, AchimAchim.Dreher (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-4443-8456
Date:16 November 2017
Journal or Publication Title:IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:PP
DOI :10.1109/TMTT.2017.2769652
Page Range:pp. 1-10
Editors:
EditorsEmail
UNSPECIFIEDIEEE
Publisher:IEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
ISSN:0018-9480
Status:Published
Keywords:Direction of arrival (DOA), phase-locked loops (PLLs), retrodirective antennas (RDAs), satellite communications, self-tracking.
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Communication and Navigation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R KN - Kommunikation und Navigation
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Multimedia Satellitennetze
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Communication and Navigation > Navigation
Deposited By: Winterstein, Dipl.-Ing. Andreas
Deposited On:17 Nov 2017 15:39
Last Modified:08 Mar 2018 18:36

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