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Structural Analysis of a Rotorcraft Fuselage in a Multidisciplinary Environment

Schwinn, Dominik and Weiand, Peter and Schmid, Matthias (2017) Structural Analysis of a Rotorcraft Fuselage in a Multidisciplinary Environment. In: Summary of Proceedings. NAFEMS World Congress, 11. - 14. Jun. 2017, Stockholm, Schweden.

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Abstract

The helicopter constitutes a very important branch of the aeronautical industry despite being expensive, tricky to operate and requiring a high maintenance effort. Its ability to hover and operate under low airspeed, combined with the ability to land in almost every spot makes helicopters superior to fixed wing aircraft in certain missions. Moreover, helicopters also compete with earth bound vehicles when it comes to operations in sparsely populated areas or when the infrastructure impedes the use of automobiles. Therefore, the field of application for helicopters is wide ranging from aerial observation over general transport of passengers and cargo up to medical transport of severely injured patients. Recently, interest has grown to improve typical limitations of rotorcraft, such as to reduce noise and to extend the flight envelope by increasing cruise velocity. Novel and more effective helicopter designs might work in a wider operating range and/or could transport more payload in terms of mass and volume, for instance enhanced medical equipment allowing a better and faster treatment of the patient. These objectives lead to unconventional design concepts, e.g. compound helicopters that feature additional lifting surfaces and propellers. To date the statistical knowledge of such configurations that could be beneficial during early design phases is limited. However, the rotorcraft design process is very challenging since it is mainly driven by the desired functionality. Accordingly, helicopter fuselages often feature cut-outs that influence the load path and hence the structure and mass. In turn, a sufficiently precise estimation of the helicopter total mass is required for a feasible performance analysis, thus calling for an iterative design process. With the aim to create and evaluate traditional but also new unconventional rotorcraft concepts, an integrated, automated multidisciplinary process chain covering the conceptual and preliminary design stages has been established within the German Aerospace Center (DLR). It allows the design of virtual rotorcraft configurations starting from scratch, based on few minimum input parameters, e.g. mission range, cruise velocity, payload, blade number and rotor configuration. This process chain features a modular approach to allow for high flexibility concerning the redefinition of certain parameters that become available during the design process. The presented paper describes the process chain and the common data format used to combine the different tools. Particular attention is turned on the analysis of the fuselage structure. Exemplary, the generation of a generic rotorcraft is shown gradually from the very beginning by evaluating the required input parameters up to the structural analysis of the fuselage.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/112814/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Structural Analysis of a Rotorcraft Fuselage in a Multidisciplinary Environment
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Schwinn, Dominikdominik.schwinn (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-2341-9632
Weiand, Peterpeter.weiand (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Schmid, Matthiasmatthias.schmid (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:June 2017
Journal or Publication Title:Summary of Proceedings
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:rotorcraft fuselage design, multidisciplinary design, structural analysis, fuselage sizing
Event Title:NAFEMS World Congress
Event Location:Stockholm, Schweden
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:11. - 14. Jun. 2017
Organizer:NAFEMS Ltd.
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:fixed-wing aircraft
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L AR - Aircraft Research
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Structures and Materials
Location: Braunschweig , Stuttgart
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Structures and Design > Structural Integrity
Institute of Flight Systems > Rotorcraft
Institute for Aerodynamics and Flow Technology > Helicopter, BS
Deposited By: Schwinn, Dominik
Deposited On:21 Sep 2017 10:50
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 20:10

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