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Lander Systems for Planetary Missions

Wittmann, K. and Ulamec, S. and Richter, L. (1999) Lander Systems for Planetary Missions. In: Laboratory Astrophysics and Space Research Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 597-621. ISBN 0-7923-5338-2.

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By landing unmanned or manned research stations on the surface of planets, moons, comets and asteroids in-situ characterization of these bodies becomes possible. Typically the scientific objective of lander missions includes measurements selected from the following list: - generation of images for studying morphological properties of the site and for obtaining mineralogical information (multispectral imaging) - chemical analysis of surface matter : bulk elementral abundance isotopes, minerals, ices, carbonaceous compounds, organic, volatiles - determination of structure and phyical properties of the surface: topography, texture, roughness, regolith scales, mechanical, electrical, optical, and thermal properties, temperatures. - measurements characterizing local depht structure (stratigraphy), and global internal structure. This chapter will overwiew performed and planned Lander missions concentrating on unmanned missions. The Apollo manned lunar landing programme is not covered here since its methodology is not directly applicable to unmanned missions (An excellent reference on the vast variety of Apollo in-situ instruments, covering the various hand-operated geology tool as well as the sophisticated ALSEP packages, is given in (Heiken et al., editors, 1991). As an example for a current unmanned Lander design, which is well known to the authors, the Rosetta Lander will be described in some more detail. Devices for mobility and subsurface sampling increasing the scientific potential of lander missions will be overviewed.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/11267/
Document Type:Book Section
Additional Information: LIDO-Berichtsjahr=1999,
Title:Lander Systems for Planetary Missions
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Journal or Publication Title:Laboratory Astrophysics and Space Research
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Page Range:pp. 597-621
DLR Institute of Space Simulation, UNSPECIFIED
Publisher:Kluwer Academic Publishers
Keywords:Moon, Venus, Mars, Phobos, Comets and Asteroids, Mobility and Subsurface Sampling
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Space (old)
HGF - Program Themes:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research area:Space
DLR - Program:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):W - no assignment (old)
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Space Operations and Astronaut Training > Hauptabteilung Raumflugbetrieb und Astronautenausbildung
Deposited By: DLR-Beauftragter, elib
Deposited On:16 Sep 2005
Last Modified:14 Jan 2010 17:09

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