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Auralisation of freight train-rolling-noise

Berkefeld, Tobias and Henning, Arne (2017) Auralisation of freight train-rolling-noise. In: INTER-NOISE. InterNoise 2017, 27.-30. Aug. 2017, Hongkong, China.

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Official URL: http://internoise2017.org/


It is known that the annoyance caused by the freight train pass-by noise does not depend solely on acoustic variables such as maximum or average sound pressure levels (SPL). Much of the annoyance effect is also determined by the subjective perception of the persons concerned. In order to be able to assess this subjective annoyance in laboratory studies, corresponding noises of train pass-by events must be generated, which can then be presented to a group of subjects. In order to carry out these psychoacoustic investigations of freight train noise effects, the generated noise events must be both realistic and representative. In the work presented here an auralisation of the dominant rolling noise is performed. The aim is to use the results to compare the annoyance of trains with different wagon compositions, equipped with gray-cast brakes and composite brakes. In order to do so, spatial wavelength spectra of roughness of the rail and wheels are used to create artificial surface roughness. In addition, wheel flats and joins of the rails are generated. An effective roughness is determined by the speed-dependent transformation into the time domain. This roughness excites vibrations in the rail, wheels and superstructures of the wagons. The impulse responses of the structures are modeled modally by damped harmonic oscillators, defined by amplitudes, natural frequencies and damping ratios. These parameters were determined for different types of wheels and wagons by microphone-array pass-by measurements. Time-domain-beamforming was used to determine trajectories of individual wheels. In a second step, the emissions of individual wheels were calculated by beamforming on the moving source and the desired parameters of the harmonic oscillators are determined for individual wheels. Pre-studies have shown that in comparison to recorded sounds the synthesized sounds provide very similar auditory impressions.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/112081/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Additional Information:http://internoise2017.org/upload/fckupload/file/170821121823149469tfw3pt34dgn5.pdf
Title:Auralisation of freight train-rolling-noise
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Journal or Publication Title:INTER-NOISE
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Keywords:auralization, rolling-noise, freight train
Event Title:InterNoise 2017
Event Location:Hongkong, China
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:27.-30. Aug. 2017
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Transport
HGF - Program Themes:Terrestrial Vehicles (old)
DLR - Research area:Transport
DLR - Program:V BF - Bodengebundene Fahrzeuge
DLR - Research theme (Project):V - Next Generation Train III (old)
Location: Göttingen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute for Aerodynamics and Flow Technology > Fluid Systems, GO
Deposited By: Bachmann, Barbara
Deposited On:06 Feb 2018 11:51
Last Modified:06 Feb 2018 11:51

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