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Trustworthy Provenance Recording using a blockchain-like database

Stoffers, Martin (2017) Trustworthy Provenance Recording using a blockchain-like database. Master's, Leipzig University.

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Abstract

One of the research fields at the Institute for Simulation and Software Technology at the German Aerospace Center (DLR) , is to discover new concepts which provide reliability and trustworthiness in software applications. Since today's process operations in distributed systems are fairly complex, recording all actions is critical in order to ensure reliability and constitute trust in the systems. One example application, developed by the department of Intelligent and Distributed Systems in collaboration with the German Space Operations Center (GSOC), is the Backend Catalog for Relational Debris Information (BACARDI). Its purpose is to collect and store information about more than ten million objects in orbit around earth, measured by various sensor networks. Before storing the data additional calculations like size, velocity, orbit, and collision detection with other objects, are performed on each object in a distributed manner. Collecting provenance about involved steps and actors is vital to prove the reliability of the events, especially to detect possible collisions. On the one hand it is about collecting provenance, on the other hand it is about protecting provenance from unintended or intended changes, since only unchanged data can be utilized for trustworthy predictions and safe inference in BACARDI or similar systems. After Nakamoto proposed the blockchain technology in his paper, new types of tamper resistant and distributed data storage techniques have evolved from it. These technologies can be applied to vital provenance data to protect it from possible alternation, even in distributed systems. Therefore, the main subject of this thesis is to elaborate and survey concepts for storing provenance data in blockchain-like databases. These concepts are analysed in terms of their advantages and disadvantages, tamper-resistance, and possible use cases, followed by a proof-of-concept implementation of all concepts in one particular blockchain-like database. Subsequently, performance measurements are conducted on each implementation followed by an analysis with respect to the concept design.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/111772/
Document Type:Thesis (Master's)
Title:Trustworthy Provenance Recording using a blockchain-like database
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Stoffers, MartinMartin.Stoffers (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-2987-4345
Date:30 March 2017
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Number of Pages:61
Status:Published
Keywords:provenance, blockchains, trust, bigchaindb, distributed systems, databases, distributed databases, PROV
Institution:Leipzig University
Department:Institute of Computer Science
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Technology
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R SY - Technik für Raumfahrtsysteme
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben SISTEC
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institut of Simulation and Software Technology > Distributed Systems and Component Software
Institut of Simulation and Software Technology
Deposited By: Schreiber, Andreas
Deposited On:31 Mar 2017 09:41
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 20:09

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