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Differential effects of sleep deprivation on cognitive performance

Hörmann, Hans-Jürgen and Mischke, Mona and Elmenhorst, Eva-Maria and Benderoth, S. (2017) Differential effects of sleep deprivation on cognitive performance. 32nd EAAP Conference, 26.-30.09.2016, Cascais/Portugal. doi: 10.13140/RG.2.2.35949.79848. ISBN 978-90-815253-5-0.

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The study examines the question whether individual vulnerability to effects of sleep deprivation on cognitive and psychomotor performance is related to personality traits. 46 participants stayed for 13 days in DLR’s sleep laboratory AMSAN. Sleep was restricted totally or partly every three nights. The level of performance was monitored in three-hour intervals with a cognitive test battery. Most participants showed the strongest performance decrements after 26 and 32 hours of sleep deprivation. Especially for tests of sustained attention, calculated change scores were negatively related to extraversion as measured by the Freiburger Personality Inventory. The findings confirm parts of Eysenck’s theory of personality that introverts due to their higher cortical arousal level need less external stimulation to perform.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/111663/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Differential effects of sleep deprivation on cognitive performance
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Hörmann, Hans-Jürgenhans.hoermann (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-6358-7027
Mischke, Monameta five gmbhUNSPECIFIED
Elmenhorst, Eva-MariaEva-Maria.Elmenhorst (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-0336-6705
Benderoth, S.sibylle.benderoth (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:28 February 2017
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Page Range:pp. 439-447
Keywords:sleep deprivation, cognitive performance, resilience, extraversion
Event Title:32nd EAAP Conference
Event Location:Cascais/Portugal
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:26.-30.09.2016
Organizer:European Association of Aviation Psychology
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:air traffic management and operations
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L AO - Air Traffic Management and Operation
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Human factors and safety in Aeronautics (old)
Location: Hamburg
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Aviation and Space Psychology
Deposited By: Hörmann, Dr.phil. Hans-Jürgen
Deposited On:11 Apr 2017 09:45
Last Modified:16 Jul 2021 17:36

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