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Vibration response characterisation and fault-size estimation of spalled ball bearings

Ismail, Mohamed AA. and Sawalhi, Nader (2017) Vibration response characterisation and fault-size estimation of spalled ball bearings. Insight, 59 (3). The British Institute of Non-Destructive Testing. ISSN 1354-2575.

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Research efforts have increased to investigate the ability to quantify localised bearing faults, ie spalls. These efforts revolve around extending the useful service life of the bearing after the detection of spalls. A number of studies have investigated a linear correlation between the size of spalls and three geometric points that may be recognised in the vibration response: the entry into the spall; the exit from the spall; and a third impact point between the first two. The time difference between these points, calculated using different signal processing techniques, has been widely exploited for quantifying spall size. Currently, there are two main challenges: the first is to enhance the entry point, which typically has weak excitation; the second is to distinguish the impact and the exit points investigated in the literature based on the spall size. However, for practical applications, there is no prior rough estimation of the fault size (ie small or large) and a method is needed for the interpretation of responses. This paper provides insights into the movement of the rolling element within the spall region and shows that the rolling element strongly strikes the bearing races at a minimum of two points. A new technique is then presented to quantify the spall and determine the inherent scaling factor without comparison to any reference data. The technique is based on evaluating two root-mean-square (RMS) energy envelopes, one for the vibration signal and one for a numerical differentiation of this signal. A geometric scaling factor is then used to give a generalised quantification for the small and large spalls. Serviceable estimations of spall size have been achieved for several seeded faults measured on two dissimilar test-rigs provided by the German Aerospace Centre (DLR) and the University of New South Wales (UNSW).

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/111364/
Document Type:Article
Title:Vibration response characterisation and fault-size estimation of spalled ball bearings
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Ismail, Mohamed AA.mohamed.ismail (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Sawalhi, Nadernadersaw (at) hotmail.comUNSPECIFIED
Date:1 March 2017
Journal or Publication Title:Insight
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Publisher:The British Institute of Non-Destructive Testing
Series Name:Insight – Non-Destructive Testing and Condition Monitoring
Keywords:Aerospace bearing, spall size, vibration analysis, savitzky golay differentiation
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:fixed-wing aircraft
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L AR - Aircraft Research
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Systems and Cabin (old)
Location: Braunschweig
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Flight Systems > Safety Critical Systems and Systems Engineering
Deposited By: Ismail, Dr. Mohamed AA
Deposited On:06 Mar 2017 14:54
Last Modified:17 Mar 2020 04:23

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