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Seismometer Network Configurations Optimized for the Observed Fault Distribution on Mars

Knapmeyer, M. and Oberst, J. and Spohn, T. (2004) Seismometer Network Configurations Optimized for the Observed Fault Distribution on Mars. American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting, 2004-12-13 - 2004-12-17, San Francisco, CA (USA).

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By providing a direct view into the interior of the planet, a seismological network on Mars would be of utmost importance for the further restriction of geodynamical modeling. A seismic network needs to be optimized in order to detect and locate the expected quakes. At the same time, technical restrictions concerning possible landing sites and long term station survival have to be considered. We present the results of an automated optimization process, which takes all these constraints into account and returns a number of different feasible network configurations. To estimate the likely geographical distribution of marsquakes, we use the fault inventory recently derived from MOLA (Mars Orbiter Laser Altimeter) shaded reflief maps (e.g. Deuchler et al., 2004). This inventory contains 3642 thrust faults and 3746 normal faults with lengths from 8km to 1445km and is representative for faults longer than 50km. A fault-length-magnitude relation derived by Wells and Coppersmith (1994) for faults on earth is used to estimate the magnitude of the largest quake each of the faults can produce. Using the magnitude-frequency relation derived by Philips (1991) from the expected thermal contraction rate, it is then possible to generate a hypothetical seismic event catalogue which incorporates observed tectonic features as well as a meaningful Gutenberg-Richter relation. As additional engineering constraints, we assume that station survival would be possible only at latitudes below 30 degrees for solar illumination and power supply reasons. Additionally, a parachute landing is assumed that requires landing sites to be below an altitude of 0m (as defined by the areoid) to have sufficient atmospheric surface pressure available. These constraints define a map of allowed landing sites. A niching genetic algorithm is then used to optimize the network configuration with respect to the hypothetical quake catalogue and the allowed sites. Stations should be as close as possible to the epicenters to optimize the detection rate, and they should also be distributed in a way that allows us to locate the epicenters using seismic data. A widely used proxy to assess the location capability of a seismic network is the azimuthal gap, which is defined as the largest azimuth angle, measured at the epicenter, in which no station is situated. Azimuthal gap and distance to the nearest station are used as a measure for network quality. The genetic algorithm allows for the implementation of additional criteria which may arise from constraints of other experiments onboard the landers. The optimization process results in a number of configurations, which share station locations in relatively small areas. Each configuration satisfies predefined quality criteria in terms of detection and location capability. The set of resulting network configurations may then serve as a basis for further considerations, such as the choice of the geologically most interesting target.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/11118/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Additional Information: LIDO-Berichtsjahr=2005,
Title:Seismometer Network Configurations Optimized for the Observed Fault Distribution on Mars
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Event Title:American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting
Event Location:San Francisco, CA (USA)
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:2004-12-13 - 2004-12-17
Organizer:American Geophysical Union
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Space (old)
HGF - Program Themes:W EW - Erforschung des Weltraums
DLR - Research area:Space
DLR - Program:W EW - Erforschung des Weltraums
DLR - Research theme (Project):UNSPECIFIED
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Planetary Research
Deposited By: Pieth, Susanne
Deposited On:16 Sep 2005
Last Modified:14 Jan 2010 16:52

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