DLR-Logo -> http://www.dlr.de
DLR Portal Home | Imprint | Privacy Policy | Contact | Deutsch
Fontsize: [-] Text [+]

Towards Reconfigurable Wavefront Sensing Using a Spatial Light Modulator

Hieronymus, Jan and Augustin, Sven and Hübers, Heinz-Wilhelm (2016) Towards Reconfigurable Wavefront Sensing Using a Spatial Light Modulator. 7th International Workshop on Terahertz Technology and Applications, 2016-03-15 - 2016-03-16, Kaiserslautern, Germany.

[img] PDF (Poster)
[img] PDF (Abstract)


Measuring the wavefront gives valuable insights into the characteristics of optical instruments. For example, imperfect wavefronts in astronomical instruments, resulting in image degradation, due to misalignment, component tolerances and so forth can be measured. A common device for wavefront sensing is the Hartmann sensor. It consists of a mask made from a regular grid of holes in an opaque substrate and an imaging sensor, onto which the diffraction patterns of the holes are mapped. Any offset of the image position from the regular grid indicates a local deviation of the inspected wavefront from an ideal plane wavefront. Such systems are already published for Terahertz radiation [1]. This paper demonstrates a 345 GHz setup for reconfigurable Hartmann masks using a terahertz spatial light modulator (THz-SLM). The THz-SLM consists of a disc of Germanium and a projector for near infrared and visible light. The disc of Germanium is transparent for the 345 GHz radiation while it is not illuminated. When light is projected onto the Germanium disc, it becomes less transparent at the illuminated regions. As the spatial filter characteristics depend mainly on the projected pattern, they can be easily and quickly reconfigured. The experiments aim to investigate the usability and advantages of a THz-SLM in the context of Hartmann wavefront sensing. The number of wavefront samples can be increased by slightly shifting the array of holes and taking further images, leading to superresolved (compared to static Hartmann masks) wavefront sensing. Furthermore, it is possible to relax the demands towards the imaging sensor. The matrix image sensor may be replaced by a single pixel sensor that is moved to as many positions as wavefront samples are desired. The use of a THz-SLM allows moving the holes in the Hartmann mask, in such a way that they fit directly to a chosen detector position. An enhancement of the Hartmann sensor is the Shack-Hartmann sensor, in which the mask consists of a grid of lenses instead of holes. The Shack-Hartmann design improves the contrast and results in sharper images of each mask element. We will discuss the feasibility of Fresnel zone lenses in a Shack-Hartmann mask. Like the holes for a Hartmann mask, these lenses can be implemented using an SLM. The reconfigurability of the THz-SLM can be exploited for a super-resolution approach.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/110846/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Title:Towards Reconfigurable Wavefront Sensing Using a Spatial Light Modulator
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Hieronymus, Jandlr, institute of optical sensor systems, berlinUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Hübers, Heinz-Wilhelmdlr, institut für optische sensorsystemeUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Keywords:Terahertz, Bildgebung, Spatial Light Modulator, SLM, Wavefront Sensing, Wellenfrontdetektion, Fresnel Zonen Linsen
Event Title:7th International Workshop on Terahertz Technology and Applications
Event Location:Kaiserslautern, Germany
Event Type:international Conference
Event Start Date:15 March 2016
Event End Date:16 March 2016
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space System Technology
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R SY - Space System Technology
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben OptoRob (old)
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Optical Sensor Systems
Institute of Optical Sensor Systems > Optics, Calibration and Validation
Deposited By: Hieronymus, Jan
Deposited On:23 Jan 2017 14:11
Last Modified:24 Apr 2024 20:15

Repository Staff Only: item control page

Help & Contact
electronic library is running on EPrints 3.3.12
Website and database design: Copyright © German Aerospace Center (DLR). All rights reserved.