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Initial Detection of Low Earth Orbit Objects through Passive Optical Wide Angle Imaging Systems

Hasenohr, Thomas and Hampf, Daniel and Wagner, Paul and Sproll, Fabian and Rodmann, Jens and Humbert, Leif and Herkommer, Alois and Riede, Wolfgang (2016) Initial Detection of Low Earth Orbit Objects through Passive Optical Wide Angle Imaging Systems. Deutscher Luft- und Raumfahrtkongress, 13.15. Sep. 2016, Braunschweig, Deutschland.

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Abstract

For surveillance of the low Earth orbit (LEO) population the orbits of resident space objects (active satellites or space debris) has to be known and cataloged. A possible solution for initial detection is the passive optical observation through wide-angle imaging systems with large fields of view (FOV). Based on measurements of these systems a short-time prediction of the object’s trajectory can be determined which is sufficiently accurate to recapture it with a high resolution telescope during the pass of the object. This paper presents the “Stare and Chase” wide-angle system for initial LEO object detection and determination developed by the German Aerospace Center (DLR) at the Satellite-Laser-Ranging station at the Uhlandshöhe in Stuttgart. The performance of the “staring” camera is shown based on the simulation tool PROOF by ESA and compared with real measurements. Finally the recapture of space debris without prior information is presented.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/110679/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Initial Detection of Low Earth Orbit Objects through Passive Optical Wide Angle Imaging Systems
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Hasenohr, ThomasThomas.Hasenohr (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Hampf, DanielDaniel.Hampf (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Wagner, PaulPaul.Wagner (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Sproll, FabianFabian.Sproll (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Rodmann, JensJens.Rodmann (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Humbert, Leifleif.humbert (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Herkommer, Aloisherkommer (at) ito.uni-stuttgart.deUNSPECIFIED
Riede, Wolfgangwolfgang.riede (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:September 2016
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:Space Debris, Initial Detection
Event Title:Deutscher Luft- und Raumfahrtkongress
Event Location:Braunschweig, Deutschland
Event Type:national Conference
Event Dates:13.15. Sep. 2016
Organizer:Deutsche Gesellschaft für Luft- und Raumfahrt
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Technology
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R SY - Technik für Raumfahrtsysteme
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Project Space Debris, R - Space Debris / Laser based SSA, R - Projekt optische Methoden f. Space Debris Analysen
Location: Stuttgart
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Technical Physics > Active Optical Systems
Deposited By: Hasenohr, Thomas
Deposited On:13 Jan 2017 14:36
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 20:07

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