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Plasmakristall-4: New complex (dusty) plasma laboratory on board the International Space Station

Pustylnik, Mikhail and Fink, Martin and Nosenko, V. and Antonova, Tetyana and Hagl, Tanja C. and Thomas, Hubertus and Zobnin, Andrey and Lipaev, Andrey and Usachev, Alexandr and Molotkov, Vladimir and Petrov, Oleg and Fortov, Vladimir and Rau, Christian and Albrecht, Sebastian and Kretschmer, Michael and Thoma, Markus and Morfill, Gregor and Seurig, Roland and Stettner, Armin and Alyamovskaya, Vera and Orr, Astrid and Kufner, Ewald and Lavrenko, Elena and Padalka, Gennady and Serova, Elena and Samokutyaev, Alexandr and Christoforetti, Samantha (2016) Plasmakristall-4: New complex (dusty) plasma laboratory on board the International Space Station. Review of Scientific Instruments, 87 (093505). American Institute of Physics (AIP). DOI: 10.1063/1.4962696 ISSN 0034-6748

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Abstract

New complex-plasma facility, Plasmakristall-4 (PK-4), has been recently commissioned on board the International Space Station. In complex plasmas, the subsystem of μm-sized microparticles immersed in low-pressure weakly ionized gas-discharge plasmas becomes strongly coupled due to the high (103–104 e) electric charge on the microparticle surface. The microparticle subsystem of complex plasmas is available for the observation at the kinetic level, which makes complex plasmas appropriate for particle-resolved modeling of classical condensed matter phenomena. The main purpose of PK-4 is the investigation of flowing complex plasmas. To generate plasma, PK-4 makes use of a classical dc discharge in a glass tube, whose polarity can be switched with the frequency of the order of 100 Hz. This frequency is high enough not to be felt by the relatively heavy microparticles. The duty cycle of the polarity switching can be also varied allowing to vary the drift velocity of the microparticles and (when necessary) to trap them. The facility is equipped with two videocameras and illumination laser for the microparticle imaging, kaleidoscopic plasma glow observation system and minispectrometer for plasma diagnostics and various microparticle manipulation devices (e.g., powerful manipulation laser). Scientific experiments are programmed in the form of scripts written with the help of specially developed C scripting language libraries. PK-4 is mainly operated from the ground (control center CADMOS in Toulouse, France) with the support of the space station crew. Data recorded during the experiments are later on delivered to the ground on the removable hard disk drives and distributed to participating scientists for the detailed analysis.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/109961/
Document Type:Article
Title:Plasmakristall-4: New complex (dusty) plasma laboratory on board the International Space Station
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Pustylnik, Mikhaildlr research group complex plasma, oberpfaffenhofenUNSPECIFIED
Fink, Martindlr research group complex plasma, oberpfaffenhofenUNSPECIFIED
Nosenko, V.v.nosenko (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Antonova, Tetyanatetyana.antonova (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Hagl, Tanja C.dlr research group complex plasmas, oberpfaffenhofenUNSPECIFIED
Thomas, Hubertusdlr research group complex plasma, oberpfaffenhofenUNSPECIFIED
Zobnin, AndreyJoint Institute for High Temperatures, Russian Academy of SciencesUNSPECIFIED
Lipaev, Andreyjoint institute for high temperatures, ras, moscowUNSPECIFIED
Usachev, Alexandrjoint institute for high temperatures, ras, moscowUNSPECIFIED
Molotkov, Vladimirjoint institute for high temperatures, ras, moscowUNSPECIFIED
Petrov, Olegjoint institute for high temperatures, ras, moscowUNSPECIFIED
Fortov, Vladimirjoint institute for high temperatures, ras, moscowUNSPECIFIED
Rau, Christianmax-planck institut für Extraterrestrische PhysikUNSPECIFIED
Albrecht, Sebastianmax-planck institut für Extraterrestrische PhysikUNSPECIFIED
Kretschmer, MichaelI. Physikalisches Institut, Justus-Liebig-Univerität Gießen, Heinrich-Buff-Ring 16, 35392 Gießen, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Thoma, Markusjustus-liebig universität giessenUNSPECIFIED
Morfill, GregorTerraplasma GmbH, Lichtenbergstraße 8, 85748 Garching, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Seurig, RolandOHB System AG, Manfred-Fuchs-Straße 1, 82234 Weßling, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Stettner, ArminOHB System AG, Manfred-Fuchs-Straße 1, 82234 Weßling, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Alyamovskaya, VeraS.P. Korolev RSC “Energia,” 4A Lenin Street, 141070 Korolev, Moscow Region, RussiaUNSPECIFIED
Orr, AstridEuropean Space Research and Technology Centre, European Space Agency, Keplerlaan 1,UNSPECIFIED
Kufner, EwaldEuropean Space Research and Technology Centre, European Space Agency, Keplerlaan 1,UNSPECIFIED
Lavrenko, ElenaCentral Research Institute for Machine Building (TsNIIMash), Pioneer Street 4, 141070 Korolev,UNSPECIFIED
Padalka, GennadyGagarin Research and Test Cosmonaut Training Center, 141160 Star City, Moscow Region, RussiaUNSPECIFIED
Serova, ElenaGagarin Research and Test Cosmonaut Training Center, 141160 Star City, Moscow Region, RussiaUNSPECIFIED
Samokutyaev, AlexandrGagarin Research and Test Cosmonaut Training Center, 141160 Star City, Moscow Region, RussiaUNSPECIFIED
Christoforetti, SamanthaEuropean Astronaut Center, European Space Agency, Linder Höhe, 51147 Köln, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Date:20 September 2016
Journal or Publication Title:Review of Scientific Instruments
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:87
DOI :10.1063/1.4962696
Publisher:American Institute of Physics (AIP)
ISSN:0034-6748
Status:Published
Keywords:Plasma crystall; complex plasmas; microgravity
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Research under Space Conditions
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R FR - Forschung unter Weltraumbedingungen
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Komplexe Plasmen / Zero gravity
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Research Group Complex Plasma
Deposited By: Pustylnik, Mikhail
Deposited On:22 Dec 2016 13:43
Last Modified:06 Sep 2019 15:29

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