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Carbon neutral archipelago – 100% renewable energy supply for the Canary Islands

Gils, Hans Christian and Simon, Sonja (2017) Carbon neutral archipelago – 100% renewable energy supply for the Canary Islands. Applied Energy (188), pp. 342-355. Elsevier. DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2016.12.023 ISSN 0306-2619

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Official URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0306261916317871

Abstract

As many other small islands and archipelagos, the Canary Islands depend to a high degree on energy imports. Despite its small surface, the archipelago has a high potential for renewable energy (RE) technologies. In this paper, we present a scenario pathway to a 100% RE supply in the Canary Islands by 2050. It relies on a back-casting approach linking the bottom-up accounting framework Mesap-PlaNet and the high resolution power system model REMix. Our analysis shows that locally available technology potentials are sufficient for a fully renewable supply of the islands’ power, heat, and land transport energy demands. To follow the pathway for achieving a carbon neutral supply, expansion of RE technology deployment needs to be accelerated in the short-term and efforts towards greater energy efficiency must be increased. According to our results, an extended linkage between energy sectors through electric vehicles as well as electric heating, and the usage of synthetic hydrogen can contribute notably to the integration of intermittent RE power generation. Furthermore, our results highlight the importance of power transmission in RE supply systems. Supply costs are found 15% lower in a scenario considering sea cable connections between all islands.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/109766/
Document Type:Article
Title:Carbon neutral archipelago – 100% renewable energy supply for the Canary Islands
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Gils, Hans Christianhans-christian.gils (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Simon, Sonjasonja.simon (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:15 February 2017
Journal or Publication Title:Applied Energy
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
DOI :10.1016/j.apenergy.2016.12.023
Page Range:pp. 342-355
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0306-2619
Status:Published
Keywords:Energy Scenario, Renewable Energy, Canary Islands, Hydrogen, Demand Response, Energy System Modelling
HGF - Research field:Energy
HGF - Program:Technology, Innovation and Society
HGF - Program Themes:Renewable Energy and Material Resources for Sustainable Futures - Integrating at Different Scales
DLR - Research area:Energy
DLR - Program:E MS - Systems analysis
DLR - Research theme (Project):E - Systems Analysis and Technology Assessment (old)
Location: Stuttgart
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Engineering Thermodynamics > Systems Analysis and Technology Assessment
Deposited By: Gils, Hans Christian
Deposited On:02 Mar 2017 08:56
Last Modified:06 Sep 2019 15:21

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