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Small Innovative Launcher for Europe

Oving, Bertil and van Kleef, Arnaud and Verberne, C. J. and Haemmerli, Bastien and Kuhn, Markus and Müller, Ilja and Petkov, Ivaylo (2016) Small Innovative Launcher for Europe. 4S Symposium, 30. Mai - 03. Juni 2016, Valetta, Malta.

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Official URL: http://esaconferencebureau.com/4S2016


The market for small satellites is expected to increase substantially in the coming years, but there is little capacity to launch them affordably. No operational dedicated launcher for small satellites exists today. Small satellites, launched as secondary payloads, are entirely dependent on the constraints set by the primary payload, such as launch date and target orbit. Launch costs of less than €50,000 per kg of payload are required in order to directly compete with piggy-back ride shares. With a dedicated launcher a higher cost per kg can be accepted for payloads which need to be delivered timely and accurately to a desired orbit. --- A consortium of 13 companies and institutes are joining forces in a Horizon 2020 work programme to design a dedicated small launcher to be built in and launched from Europe. The project is called “SMall Innovative Launcher for Europe” (SMILE) starting in 2016. The SMILE project aims at a combined research approach into a new innovative European launcher for an emerging market of small satellites up to 50 kg using a multidisciplinary design and optimisation approach strengthened by the demonstration of critical technologies for cost-effective solutions and complemented with the design of a European-based launch capability from Andøya (Norway). For the intended market, cost reduction is essential. One option to reduce cost is to apply reusability of one or more of the stages. Cost can also be reduced by applying commercial industry-grade components. Another means of cost reduction is through volume production. Finally, the production process can be optimized for cost, e.g. automated manufacturing for composite parts and 3D-printing for metallic parts. Critical launcher technologies in various expertise areas will be developed in SMILE, but this paper focusses on the rocket engine developments and their impact on cost reduction and design since the engines are the most critical and expensive parts of a launcher. For the rocket propulsion system, both hybrid engines and reusable liquid engines are assessed.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/109740/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Additional Information:Session S08 Launchers
Title:Small Innovative Launcher for Europe
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Verberne, C. J.Nammo Raufoss ASUNSPECIFIED
Haemmerli, BastienNammo Raufoss ASUNSPECIFIED
Kuhn, MarkusMarkus.Kuhn (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Müller, IljaIlja.Mueller (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Petkov, IvayloIvaylo.Petkov (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:31 May 2016
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Page Range:pp. 1-15
Keywords:Cost-Effective Launcher, Hybrid Rocket Propulsion, Innovative Propulsion Concepts, LPRE, Liquid Rocket Propulsion, Micro-Launcher, SMILE
Event Title:4S Symposium
Event Location:Valetta, Malta
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:30. Mai - 03. Juni 2016
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Transport
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R RP - Raumtransport
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - EU Projekte Raumtransport (old), R - Wiederverwendbare Raumfahrtsysteme und Antriebstechnologie, R - Antriebsystemtechnik - Schubkammertechnologie
Location: Stuttgart
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Structures and Design > Space System Integration
Deposited By: Kuhn, Markus
Deposited On:19 Dec 2016 11:47
Last Modified:19 Dec 2016 11:47

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