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Safety-Critical Personality Aspects in Human-Machine Teams of Aviation

Eschen, Solveig and Keye-Ehing, Doris and Gayraud, Katja (2016) Safety-Critical Personality Aspects in Human-Machine Teams of Aviation. i-com: Zeitschrift für interaktive und kooperative Medien, 15 (3), pp. 283-295. de Gruyter. ISSN 1618-162X

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Abstract

Abstract: Working safely and successfully in highly automated human-machine interfaces of future aviation is not only a matter of performance, but also of personality. This study examines which personality aspects correlate with safety-critical performance in human-machine teams. The research tools HTQ (Hybrid Team Questionnaire) and HINT (Hybrid Interaction Scenario) were combined for a comprehensive exploratory study. The HTQ includes personality scales measuring broad factors of personality (Big Five) as well as more specific scales and was added with objective personality assessments to measure risk taking. The simulation tool HINT simulates relevant processes in future human-machine team interaction in aviation. In a study with 156 applicants for aviation careers, safety-critical relations of some facets of general personality as well as risk taking were found. Especially personality aspects concerning disinhibiting, spontaneous behaviour and sensation seeking show correlations with poorer performance in the HINT simulation.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/109477/
Document Type:Article
Title:Safety-Critical Personality Aspects in Human-Machine Teams of Aviation
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Eschen, Solveigsolveig.eschen (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Keye-Ehing, Dorisdoris.keye (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Gayraud, Katjakatja.gayraud (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:2016
Journal or Publication Title:i-com: Zeitschrift für interaktive und kooperative Medien
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:No
Volume:15
Page Range:pp. 283-295
Publisher:de Gruyter
ISSN:1618-162X
Status:Published
Keywords:Human-Machine Interaction, Hybrid Teams, Automation, Personality, Risk Taking
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:air traffic management and operations
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L AO - Air Traffic Management and Operation
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Human factors and safety in Aeronautics
Location: Hamburg
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Aviation and Space Psychology
Deposited By: Witt, Andrea
Deposited On:14 Dec 2016 14:49
Last Modified:06 Sep 2019 14:49

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