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The usage of thermal remote sensing in the field of crisis information - examples from the European PHAROS project and the thermal analysis of the 2014/15 Holuhraun fissure eruption

Strobl, Christian and Plank, Simon Manuel and Riedlinger, Torsten (2016) The usage of thermal remote sensing in the field of crisis information - examples from the European PHAROS project and the thermal analysis of the 2014/15 Holuhraun fissure eruption. 36th EARSeL Symposium 2016, 20-24 June 2016, Bonn, Germany.

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Abstract

Thermal remote sensing is providing valuable information in the context of modern crisis information applications supporting disaster management. At the German Remote Sensing Data Center (DFD) of DLR, a wide variety of different sensors are used for the near-real time detection of thermal hot spots over Europe (e.g. MODIS, MSG Seviri) and also for the reprocessing of historic time series (AVHRR). In addition, high resolution satellite imagery (optical/radar) is used by the Center for Satellite Based Crisis Information (ZKI) of DFD to create rapid information (maps and services) about the geographic reference, the disaster extent, the damage assessment and in some cases also for monitoring disastreous fires over time. This paper focuses on two specific crisis related use cases of thermal remote sensing, namely the development of an early warning system for wildfires in Europe and satellite based volcano monitoring in Iceland. The early warning system was developed in the PHAROS project (Multi-Hazard Open Platform for Satellite Based Downstream Services) which aims at the design and development of a modular and scalable multi-hazard open service platform. While this service platform is designed to be multi-hazard, the use case for the pre-operational system was restricted to the forest fire scenario. One of the main concerns is to provide fire hot spots (MODIS, MSG Seviri) as an input for the PHAROS simulation service. Furthermore, EO-based rapid mapping products are used on the short term in support of the fire fighters and in long term for mitigation and preparedness tasks. For the volcano monitoring the Holuhraun fissure eruption in 2014/15 is described. This eruption was one of the largest volcanic events in modern Icelandic history. It is a dike intrusion, that originated from the Islandic Bardarbunga Volcano. Landsat-8 night time acquisitions, MODIS imagery and data from DLR’s TET-1 (Technology Experiment Carrier) are analysed to measure the temperature of the lava over time to show the temporal evolution of such a potentially catastrophic fissure eruption. Upcoming satellite missions like the European Copernicus Sentinel-3 will provide valuable information for both use cases, for forest fire and volcano monitoring.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/109195/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:The usage of thermal remote sensing in the field of crisis information - examples from the European PHAROS project and the thermal analysis of the 2014/15 Holuhraun fissure eruption
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Strobl, ChristianChristian.Strobl (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Plank, Simon ManuelSimon.Plank (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Riedlinger, TorstenTorsten.Riedlinger (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:June 2016
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:Thermal Remote Sensing, Crisis Information, Multi-Hazard, MODIS, MSG-Seviri, TET-1, FireBIRD, PHAROS, Holuhraun Fissure Eruption, ZKI, VABENE
Event Title:36th EARSeL Symposium 2016
Event Location:Bonn, Germany
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:20-24 June 2016
Organizer:European Association of Remote Sensing Laboratories
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Earth Observation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Zivile Kriseninformation und Georisiken (old)
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:German Remote Sensing Data Center > Geo Risks and Civil Security
Deposited By: Strobl, Dr.rer.nat. Christian
Deposited On:08 Dec 2016 13:30
Last Modified:23 Feb 2017 10:22

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