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Uncertainty of Rotating Shadowband Irradiometers and Si-Pyranometers Including the Spectral Irradiance Error

Wilbert, Stefan and Kleindiek, Stefan and Nouri, Bijan and Geuder, Norbert and Habte, Aron and Schwandt, Marko and Vignola, Frank (2016) Uncertainty of Rotating Shadowband Irradiometers and Si-Pyranometers Including the Spectral Irradiance Error. AIP Conference Proceedings, 1734. American Institute of Physics (AIP). DOI: 10.1063/1.4949241 ISBN 978-0-7354-1386-3jo ISSN 0094-243X

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4949241

Abstract

Concentrating solar power projects require accurate direct normal irradiance (DNI) data including uncertainty specifications for plant layout and cost calculations. Ground measured data are necessary to obtain the required level of accuracy and are often obtained with Rotating Shadowband Irradiometers (RSI) that use photodiode pyranometers and correction functions to account for systematic effects. The uncertainty of Si-pyranometers has been investigated, but so far basically empirical studies were published or decisive uncertainty influences had to be estimated based on experience in analytical studies. One of the most crucial estimated influences is the spectral irradiance error because Si-photodiode-pyranometers only detect visible and color infrared radiation and have a spectral response that varies strongly within this wavelength interval. Furthermore, analytic studies did not discuss the role of correction functions and the uncertainty introduced by imperfect shading. In order to further improve the bankability of RSI and Si-pyranometer data, a detailed uncertainty analysis following the Guide to the Expression of Uncertainty in Measurement (GUM) has been carried out. The study defines a method for the derivation of the spectral error and spectral uncertainties and presents quantitative values of the spectral and overall uncertainties. Data from the PSA station in southern Spain was selected for the analysis. Average standard uncertainties for corrected 10 min data of 2 % for global horizontal irradiance (GHI), and 2.9 % for DNI (for GHI and DNI over 300 W/m²) were found for the 2012 yearly dataset when separate GHI and DHI calibration constants were used. Also the uncertainty in 1 min resolution was analyzed. The effect of correction functions is significant. The uncertainties found in this study are consistent with results of previous empirical studies.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/108939/
Document Type:Article
Title:Uncertainty of Rotating Shadowband Irradiometers and Si-Pyranometers Including the Spectral Irradiance Error
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Wilbert, StefanStefan.Wilbert (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-3573-3004
Kleindiek, Stefansf-qlfUNSPECIFIED
Nouri, BijanBijan.Nouri (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Geuder, NorbertNorbert.Geuder (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Habte, AronUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Schwandt, Markoepuron, spainUNSPECIFIED
Vignola, Frankuniv. of oregon, eugene, or, usaUNSPECIFIED
Date:May 2016
Journal or Publication Title:AIP Conference Proceedings
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Volume:1734
DOI :10.1063/1.4949241
Publisher:American Institute of Physics (AIP)
ISSN:0094-243X
ISBN:978-0-7354-1386-3jo
Status:Published
Keywords:RSI, Irradiance, spectral error, DNI
HGF - Research field:Energy
HGF - Program:Renewable Energies
HGF - Program Themes:Concentrating Solar Thermal Technology
DLR - Research area:Energy
DLR - Program:E SF - Solar research
DLR - Research theme (Project):E - Impact of Desert Environment (old)
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Solar Research > Qualifizierung
Deposited By: Kruschinski, Anja
Deposited On:05 Dec 2016 14:33
Last Modified:08 Mar 2018 18:19

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