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Visual Reinforcement of Illusory Rotations during Centrifugation: A Novel Habituation Strategy to Motion Sickness

Bertolini, G. and Bos, J.E. and Bron, D. and Frett, Timo and Groen, E. and Hemmersbach, Ruth and Wuyts, F.L. (2016) Visual Reinforcement of Illusory Rotations during Centrifugation: A Novel Habituation Strategy to Motion Sickness. 46th Meeting Conference of the Society for Neuroscience, 12. – 16. Nov. 2016, San Diego, USA.

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Abstract

Background: Artificial gravity through centrifugation is currently the only countermeasure providing an “Earth-like” solution to weightless health hazards. Every head movement during centrifugation, however, may cause motion sickness due to conflicts between the perceived direction of gravity and the illusory rotations caused by the vestibular activation (Cross-coupling stimulus). Existing habituation protocols are based on repetition of cross-coupling stimuli. Although they successfully abate motion sickness, they also reduce overall responses to rotations. Our aim is to develop a novel habituation strategy to disentangle gravity and rotation perception, reducing motion sickness but retaining response to rotation. Methods: We tested 19 healthy subjects on the ESA Short Arm Human Centrifuge at DRL, Cologne. The control group (CG: 9 subjects, 3 f) performed a normal habituation protocol consisting of repetitive 30° clockwise head rolls during centrifugation at 100°/s (1 g at feet). The test group (TG: 10 subjects, 5 f) performed an identical protocol, with the addition of visual stimuli triggered by head movements providing an illusion of rotation (optokinetic stimuli provided through the Oculus Rift) reinforcing the vestibular activation. Motion sickness was measured using a 1-20 scale, while an eye tracker embedded in the Oculus Rift recorded the vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR). Habituation measurements were obtained repeating the experiment after 24h. Results: Only 15 subjects (7 CG, 8 TG) were able to complete the experiment. No difference between groups was observed in the motion sickness score on day 1 or in the reduction of motion sickness from day 1 to day 2 (median [MAD] CG: -4 [2]; TG: -4 [1], p=0.78). The CG, however, had a significantly larger reduction of the VOR duration than the TG (CG: -4 [1] s; TG: -1 [2] s, p=0.05). Conclusions: Subjects habituate to the cross-coupling stimuli during centrifugation even if illusory self-rotation induced by head tilts is sustained by visually induced perception of self-rotation. Visually reinforced habituation may however induce less reduction of oculomotor response to rotation than classical habituation and may therefore better preserve vestibular reflexive responses.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/108848/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Visual Reinforcement of Illusory Rotations during Centrifugation: A Novel Habituation Strategy to Motion Sickness
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Bertolini, G.University Hospital Zürich, Department of Neurology, Zürich, SwitzerlandUNSPECIFIED
Bos, J.E.TNO, Soesterberg, NetherlandsUNSPECIFIED
Bron, D.AeMc, dübendorf, switzerlandUNSPECIFIED
Frett, Timogerman aerospace center (dlr), institute of aerospace medicine, gravitational biology, cologne, germanyUNSPECIFIED
Groen, E.TNO, Soesterberg, the netherlandsUNSPECIFIED
Hemmersbach, Ruthgerman aerospace centre (dlr), institute of aerospace medicine, gravitational biology, cologne, germanyUNSPECIFIED
Wuyts, F.L.aurea, antwerp, belgiumUNSPECIFIED
Date:11 November 2016
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:Illusory rotations, Motion sickness, Artificial gravity, Vestibulo-ocular reflex
Event Title:46th Meeting Conference of the Society for Neuroscience
Event Location:San Diego, USA
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:12. – 16. Nov. 2016
Organizer:Society for Neuroscience
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Research under Space Conditions
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R FR - Forschung unter Weltraumbedingungen
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Operationelle Forschung Kurzarmzentrifuge, R - Vorhaben Biowissenschaftliche Nutzerunterstützung
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Biomedical Research
Deposited By: Duwe, Helmut
Deposited On:05 Dec 2016 11:44
Last Modified:05 Dec 2016 11:44

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