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Stratospheric aerosol-Observations, processes, and impact on climate

Kremser, Stefanie and Thomason, Larry W. and von Hobe, Marc and Hermann, Markus and Deshler, Terry and Timmreck, Claudia and Toohey, Matthew and Stenke, Andrea and Schwarz, Joshua P. and Weigel, Ralf and Fueglistaler, Stephan and Prata, Fred J. and Vernier, Jean-Paul and Schlager, Hans and Barnes, John E. and Antuña-Marrero, Juan-Carlos and Fairlie, Duncan and Palm, Mathias and Mahieu, Emmanuel and Notholt, Justus and Rex, Markus and Bingen, Christine and Vanhellemont, Filip and Bourassa, Adam and Plane, John M. C. and Klocke, Daniel and Carn, Simon A. and Clarisse, Lieven and Trickl, Thomas and Neely, Ryan and James, Alexander D. and Rieger, Landon and Wilson, James C. and Meland, Brian (2016) Stratospheric aerosol-Observations, processes, and impact on climate. Reviews of Geophysics, 54 (2), pp. 278-335. Wiley. DOI: 10.1002/2015RG000511 ISSN 8755-1209

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2015RG000511

Abstract

Interest in stratospheric aerosol and its role in climate have increased over the last decade due to the observed increase in stratospheric aerosol since 2000 and the potential for changes in the sulfur cycle induced by climate change. This review provides an overview about the advances in stratospheric aerosol research since the last comprehensive assessment of stratospheric aerosol was published in 2006. A crucial development since 2006 is the substantial improvement in the agreement between in situ and space-based inferences of stratospheric aerosol properties during volcanically quiescent periods. Furthermore, new measurement systems and techniques, both in situ and space based, have been developed for measuring physical aerosol properties with greater accuracy and for characterizing aerosol composition. However, these changes induce challenges to constructing a long-term stratospheric aerosol climatology. Currently, changes in stratospheric aerosol levels less than 20% cannot be confidently quantified. The volcanic signals tend to mask any nonvolcanically driven change, making them difficult to understand. While the role of carbonyl sulfide as a substantial and relatively constant source of stratospheric sulfur has been confirmed by new observations and model simulations, large uncertainties remain with respect to the contribution from anthropogenic sulfur dioxide emissions.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/108780/
Document Type:Article
Title:Stratospheric aerosol-Observations, processes, and impact on climate
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Kremser, StefanieBodeker Scientific, New ZealandUNSPECIFIED
Thomason, Larry W.NASA, Hampton, Virginia, USAUNSPECIFIED
von Hobe, MarcForschungszentrum JülichUNSPECIFIED
Hermann, MarkusLeibnitz Institute for Tropospheric Research, LeipzigUNSPECIFIED
Deshler, TerryDepartment of Atmospheric Science, University of WyomingUNSPECIFIED
Timmreck, ClaudiaMax Planxk Institute for Meteorology, HamburgUNSPECIFIED
Toohey, MatthewGEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research KielUNSPECIFIED
Stenke, AndreaETH ZurichUNSPECIFIED
Schwarz, Joshua P.NOAA, Boulder USAUNSPECIFIED
Weigel, RalfInstitute for Physics of the Atmosphere, University MainzUNSPECIFIED
Fueglistaler, StephanDept. of Geoscience, Princeton University, New Jersey, USAUNSPECIFIED
Prata, Fred J.Nicarnica Aviation, Kjeller, NorwayUNSPECIFIED
Vernier, Jean-PaulInstitute for Atmospheric and Environmental Sciences, University FrankfurtUNSPECIFIED
Schlager, HansDLR, IPAUNSPECIFIED
Barnes, John E.Mauna Loa Observatory, NOAA, Hilo, Hawaii, USAUNSPECIFIED
Antuña-Marrero, Juan-CarlosMeteorological Institute of Cuba, Camgüey, CubaUNSPECIFIED
Fairlie, DuncanNASA, Hampton, Virginia, USAUNSPECIFIED
Palm, MathiasIUP University of BremenUNSPECIFIED
Mahieu, EmmanuelInst. of Astrophys. and Geophys. Univ. of Liege, BelgienUNSPECIFIED
Notholt, JustusIUP University of BremenUNSPECIFIED
Rex, MarkusAlfred Wegener Institute, PotsdamUNSPECIFIED
Bingen, ChristineInstitute for Space Aeronomy, Brussels, BelgienUNSPECIFIED
Vanhellemont, FilipInstitute for Space Aeronomy, Brussels, BelgienUNSPECIFIED
Bourassa, AdamInst. of Space and Atmos. Stud., Univ. of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskat. CanadaUNSPECIFIED
Plane, John M. C.School of Chemistry, University of Leeds, UKUNSPECIFIED
Klocke, DanielDeutscher Wetterdienst, OffenbachUNSPECIFIED
Carn, Simon A.Dept. of Geological a. Mining Eng. and Scienc. Michigan Tech. Univ., Houghton, Mich. USAUNSPECIFIED
Clarisse, LievenService de Chimi Quantique et Photophysique, Universitè libre de BruxellesUNSPECIFIED
Trickl, ThomasIMK-IFU, KarlsruheUNSPECIFIED
Neely, RyanSchool of Earth and Environm., Univ. of Leeds, UKUNSPECIFIED
James, Alexander D.School of Chemistry, Univ. of Leeds, UKUNSPECIFIED
Rieger, LandonInst. of Space and Atmos. Stud., Univ. of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskat. CanadaUNSPECIFIED
Wilson, James C.Dept. of Mechanical and Materials Engineering, Univ. Denver, Co. USAUNSPECIFIED
Meland, BrianDept. of Mechanical and Materials Engineering, Univ. Denver, Co. USAUNSPECIFIED
Date:April 2016
Journal or Publication Title:Reviews of Geophysics
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:54
DOI :10.1002/2015RG000511
Page Range:pp. 278-335
Publisher:Wiley
ISSN:8755-1209
Status:Published
Keywords:stratosphere, aerosol, Junge layer
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Earth Observation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Atmosphären- und Klimaforschung
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Atmospheric Physics > Atmospheric Trace Species
Deposited By: Muther, Elisabeth Gisela Edith
Deposited On:05 Dec 2016 07:48
Last Modified:06 Sep 2019 15:19

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