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Effects of nocturnal air and rail traffic noise on sleep

Müller, U. and Elmenhorst, Eva-Maria and Mendolia, F. and Basner, M. and McGuire, S. and Aeschbach, D. (2016) Effects of nocturnal air and rail traffic noise on sleep. In: Proceedings of the 22nd International Congress on Acoustics (IVA2016), paper 378. 22nd International Congress on Acoustics (ICA 2016), 05.-09.09.2016, Buenos Aires. ISSN 2415-1599.

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Undisturbed and sufficiently long sleep is a prerequisite for a healthy life as well as for the prevention of fatigue-induced accidents. Especially the increasing air and freight rail traffic is more and more shifted to shoulder and night-time hours due to missing capacity and infrastructure during daytime. Thus, the sleep of residents near airports or railway tracks is increasingly affected by traffic noise. Only very few main airports, such as Frankfurt (Germany), implemented a night flight ban in order to countervail this trend. Since 1999 the Institute of Aerospace Medicine of the German Aerospace Center (DLR) has investigated these night time noise effects in several field studies in which the sound pressure levels LAS and LAF and sound files were continuously measured with class one sound level meters at the sleeper’s ear. Sleep structure was recorded with polysomnography (simultaneous measurement of brain waves, eye movements, and muscle tone), the gold-standard to quantify sleep objectively. The results on sleep quality and additional awakening reactions due to traffic noise from former studies performed at Cologne/Bonn airport (high night time traffic) and a busy railway track in the Rhine valley (high night time freight traffic) are compared with the results of the recently completed NORAH (Noise-Related Annoyance, Cognition, and Health) study at Frankfurt airport. In the latter study data were collected both before as well as after the implementation of a ban of night flights between 11 p.m. and 5 a.m.. Sound exposure distributions, average sound levels and sound level rise time distributions at the sleepers’ ear are presented for all three studies.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/108367/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Effects of nocturnal air and rail traffic noise on sleep
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Elmenhorst, Eva-MariaUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-0336-6705UNSPECIFIED
Mendolia, F.UNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-5359-5982UNSPECIFIED
Journal or Publication Title:Proceedings of the 22nd International Congress on Acoustics (IVA2016), paper 378
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Keywords:Aircraft Noise, Rail Noise, Sleep, Polysomnography, Physiology
Event Title:22nd International Congress on Acoustics (ICA 2016)
Event Location:Buenos Aires
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:05.-09.09.2016
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:air traffic management and operations
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L AO - Air Traffic Management and Operation
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Human factors and safety in Aeronautics (old)
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Flight Physiology
Deposited By: Sender, Alina
Deposited On:29 Nov 2016 09:36
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 20:05

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