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The contamination impact of human exploration to a subterranean environment and the implications for further crewed space exploration

Leuko, S. and Koskinen, K. and Moissl-Eichinger, C. and De Waele, J. and Rettberg, Petra (2016) The contamination impact of human exploration to a subterranean environment and the implications for further crewed space exploration. 16th EANA Astrobiology Conference, 27. - 30. September 2016, Athens, Greece.

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Abstract

The quest of exploring and looking for life in new places is a human desire since centuries. Nowadays, we are not only looking on planet Earth any more, but our endeavours focus on nearby planets in our solar system. It is therefore of great importance to preserve the extra-terrestrial environment and not to contaminate it with terrestrial / human associated bacteria. At this point in time we are not able to send crewed missions to other planets; however, analysing the impact of human exploration on environments is of great planetary protection concern. This can be achieved by obtaining samples from a subterranean environment, where only expert speleologists have access and the human impact is considered very low. For this study, astronauts participating in the 2014 ESA CAVES (Cooperative Adventure for Valuing and Exercising human behaviour and performance Skills) training course, obtained samples from deep within a subterranean environment and returned them to the laboratory for molecular microbial analysis.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/108240/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:The contamination impact of human exploration to a subterranean environment and the implications for further crewed space exploration
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Leuko, S.German Aerospace Center (DLR e.V.), Institute of Aerospace Medicine, Radiation Biology Department, Research Group 'Astrobiology', Linder Hoehe, D - 51147 Cologne (Köln), GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Koskinen, K.Medical University Graz, Section of Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, 8036 Graz, Austria.UNSPECIFIED
Moissl-Eichinger, C.Medical University Graz, Section of Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, 8036 Graz, Austria.UNSPECIFIED
De Waele, J.Department of Biological, Geological and Environmental Sciences, Bologna University, Via Zamboni 67, 40126 Bologna, ItalyUNSPECIFIED
Rettberg, PetraGerman Aerospace Center (DLR e.V.), Institute of Aerospace Medicine, Radiation Biology Department, Research Group 'Astrobiology', Linder Hoehe, D - 51147 Cologne (Köln), Germanyhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-4439-2395
Date:2016
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:human Exploration, space Exploration, planetary protection
Event Title:16th EANA Astrobiology Conference
Event Location:Athens, Greece
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:27. - 30. September 2016
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Research under Space Conditions
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R FR - Forschung unter Weltraumbedingungen
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Strahlenbiologie
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Radiation Biology
Deposited By: Kopp, Kerstin
Deposited On:25 Nov 2016 13:21
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 20:05

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