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Out-of-Lab Solar Photocatalytic Hydrogen Production in the Presence of Methanol Employing the Solar Concentrator SoCRatus

Wullenkord, Michael and Jung, Christian and Sattler, Christian (2016) Out-of-Lab Solar Photocatalytic Hydrogen Production in the Presence of Methanol Employing the Solar Concentrator SoCRatus. In: Proceedings of the ASME 2016 Power and Energy Conference, V001T10A002. ASME. PowerEnergy2016, 26.-30. Jun. 2016, Charlotte, USA. DOI: 10.1115/ES2016-59239

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Official URL: http://proceedings.asmedigitalcollection.asme.org/proceeding.aspx?articleid=2579260

Abstract

Hydrogen production from water via efficient solar based photocatalytic or photoelectrochemical processes could play a major role in the energy regimes of the future. Here, intermittent solar energy is converted into the promising energy vector hydrogen for later carbon free use on demand. Although much effort has been made in the last years photocatalytic/photoelectrochemical systems with acceptable solar-to-hydrogen-efficiency for economic operation could not be introduced, yet. Within the project DuaSol simultaneous hydrogen generation and water treatment in a photoelectrochemical tandem cell is investigated as a potentially economic process. Organic contaminants are oxidised by interaction with photo-generated electron holes at the photoanode. Produced protons approach the photocathode to react with photo-generated electrons to form hydrogen. Experiments with photocatalytic systems employing DLR’s 2-axis tracking modified linear Fresnel solar concentrator SoCRatus (Solar Concentrator with a Rectangular Flat Focus) were carried out in order to set a reference for the further experimental assessment. Diverse photocatalysts based on titanium dioxide (TiO2) and tin niobate (SnNb2O6) were tested in a planar suspension reactor with two parallel reaction chambers irradiated in the focal plane of the SoCRatus. The evolution of hydrogen was measured and correlated to the overall solar input and to spectral quantities. Three temperature levels, mostly 25°C, 37.5°C, and 50°C, were considered and maintained during the experiments in order to study temperature related effects. Methanol as a sacrificial reagent or rather a model substance for organic contaminants formed part of the suspension with a volume fraction of 10% at 20°C. As expected regarding the band gaps of the considered TiO2 based photocatalysts the hydrogen output is predominately affected by the applied UV portion. The UV fraction of solar light varies significantly in the course of a day and coherently also the production of hydrogen. Hydrogen was generated at rates as high as 7386 µmol/h. Regarding the SnNb2O6 based photocatalysts the generation of hydrogen rather corresponds with the irradiance in the visible range. The solar-to-hydrogen efficiency as well as the photon efficiency in different spectral ranges could be calculated. In addition an extensive analysis of the uncertainty of experimental results was conducted. It could be confirmed that the SoCRatus is an excellent platform for the experimental assessment of photocatalytic / photoelectro-chemical systems under practical conditions.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/108181/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Out-of-Lab Solar Photocatalytic Hydrogen Production in the Presence of Methanol Employing the Solar Concentrator SoCRatus
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Wullenkord, MichaelMichael.Wullenkord (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-6262-384X
Jung, ChristianChristian.Jung (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-5893-4979
Sattler, ChristianChristian.Sattler (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-4314-1124
Date:30 June 2016
Journal or Publication Title:Proceedings of the ASME 2016 Power and Energy Conference
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
DOI :10.1115/ES2016-59239
Page Range:V001T10A002
Publisher:ASME
Status:Published
Keywords:Photoelectrochemistry, photocatalysis, hydrogen, waste water, DuaSol
Event Title:PowerEnergy2016
Event Location:Charlotte, USA
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:26.-30. Jun. 2016
Organizer:ASME American Society of Mechanical Engineers
HGF - Research field:Energy
HGF - Program:Renewable Energies
HGF - Program Themes:Solar Fuels
DLR - Research area:Energy
DLR - Program:E SF - Solar research
DLR - Research theme (Project):E - Solar Fuels (old)
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Solar Research > Solare Verfahrenstechnik
Deposited By: Sattler, Prof. Dr. Christian
Deposited On:02 Dec 2016 11:11
Last Modified:02 Dec 2016 11:11

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