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Detection, monitoring and quantitative analysis of wildfires with the BIRD satellite

Oertel, D. and Briess, K. and Lorenz, E. and Skrbek, W. and Zhukov, B. (2004) Detection, monitoring and quantitative analysis of wildfires with the BIRD satellite. In: Remote Sensing for Agriculture, Ecosystems, and Hydrology V, 5232, pp. 208-218. SPIE Bellingham, WA. Remote Sensing for Agriculture, Ecosystems, and Hydrology V, 8 - 12 September 2003, Barcelona, Spain.

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Abstract

Increasing concern about environment and interest to avoid losses led to growing demands on space borne fire detection, monitoring and quantitative parameter estimation of wildfires. The global change research community intends to quantify the amount of gaseous and particulate matter emitted from vegetation fires, peat fires and coal seam fires. The DLR Institute of Space Sensor Technology and Planetary Exploration (Berlin-Adlershof) developed a small satellite called BIRD (Bi-spectral Infrared Detection) which carries a sensor package specially designed for fire detection. BIRD was launched as a piggy-back satellite on October 22, 2001 with ISRO"s Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV). It is circling the Earth on a polar and sun-synchronous orbit at an altitude of 572 km and it is providing unique data for detailed analysis of high temperature events on Earth surface. The BIRD sensor package is dedicated for high resolution and reliable fire recognition. Active fire analysis is possible in the sub-pixel domain. The leading channel for fire detection and monitoring is the MIR channel at 3.8 µm. The rejection of false alarms is based on procedures using MIR/NIR (Middle Infra Red/Near Infra Red) and MIR/TIR (Middle Infra Red/Thermal Infra Red) radiance ratio thresholds. Unique results of BIRD wildfire detection and analysis over fire prone regions in Australia and Asia will be presented. BIRD successfully demonstrates innovative fire recognition technology for small satellites which permit to retrieve quantitative characteristics of active burning wildfires, such as the equivalent fire temperature, fire area, radiative energy release, fire front length and fire front strength.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/10790/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Additional Information: LIDO-Berichtsjahr=2004,
Title:Detection, monitoring and quantitative analysis of wildfires with the BIRD satellite
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Oertel, D.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Briess, K.TU BerlinUNSPECIFIED
Lorenz, E.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Skrbek, W.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Zhukov, B.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date:2004
Journal or Publication Title:Remote Sensing for Agriculture, Ecosystems, and Hydrology V
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Volume:5232
Page Range:pp. 208-218
Editors:
EditorsEmail
SPIE, UNSPECIFIED
Publisher:SPIE Bellingham, WA
Series Name:Proceedings of SPIE
Status:Published
Keywords:wildfire observation, high resolution fire sensor, fire parameter retrieval
Event Title:Remote Sensing for Agriculture, Ecosystems, and Hydrology V, 8 - 12 September 2003, Barcelona, Spain
Organizer:SPIE
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Space (old)
HGF - Program Themes:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research area:Space
DLR - Program:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):UNSPECIFIED
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Optical Information Systems
Deposited By: Dombrowski, Ute
Deposited On:16 Sep 2005
Last Modified:14 Jan 2010 16:16

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