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Context Matters, but How Much? Latent state-trait Analysis of cognitive ability assessments

Hermes, Michael and Stelling, Dirk (2016) Context Matters, but How Much? Latent state-trait Analysis of cognitive ability assessments. International Journal of Selection and Assessment, 24 (3), pp. 285-295. Wiley. ISSN 0965-075X

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Abstract

Cognitive abilities are thought to represent temporally stable constructs, however, accumulating evidence suggests that effects of the measurement situation could affect its measurement (e.g., effects of test motivation, stress level). The present study modeled these effects explicitly in a latent variables approach. In contrast to previous studies, we investigated participants (job candidates) in repeated high-stakes settings (N5188). We found that cognitive ability measurements in high-stakes settings not only reflect a stable latent trait and random measurement error, but also systematic effects of the test setting. Our results support the application of cognitive ability tests in organizational contexts but have implications for its use in applied settings such as personnel selection.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/107783/
Document Type:Article
Title:Context Matters, but How Much? Latent state-trait Analysis of cognitive ability assessments
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Hermes, Michaelmichael.hermes (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Stelling, Dirkdirk.stelling (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:2016
Journal or Publication Title:International Journal of Selection and Assessment
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:24
Page Range:pp. 285-295
Publisher:Wiley
ISSN:0965-075X
Status:Published
Keywords:cognitive abilities,
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:air traffic management and operations
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L AO - Air Traffic Management and Operation
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Human factors and safety in Aeronautics
Location: Hamburg
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Aviation and Space Psychology
Deposited By: Witt, Andrea
Deposited On:15 Nov 2016 14:56
Last Modified:08 Mar 2018 18:39

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