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Nucleation, life cycle and climate impact of contrail cirrus - new insights

Voigt, Christiane (2016) Nucleation, life cycle and climate impact of contrail cirrus - new insights. Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft Verhandlungen, 7.-11.3., Regensburg.

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Official URL: http://www.dpg-verhandlungen.de/year/2016/conference/regensburg/part/up/session/3/contribution/1

Abstract

Current growth rates in aviation demand a profound scientific data base in order to accurately assess the aviation impact on climate. A major contribution results from contrail cirrus and their radiative forcing is suggested to outbalance aviation CO2 and NOx effects. Direct observations of contrail cirrus throughout their life cycle are scarce and prone to substantial ambiguities currently limiting our understanding of the climate impact by aviation. Here, we give new insights into the nucleation, growth, life cycle and climate impact from contrail cirrus based on results from suite of recent aircraft experiments. NASAs ACCESSII mission focusses on aircraft emissions and initial stages of contrail formation. Nascent contrails were detected at cruise altitudes near 100 m distance to the engine exit. Contrail growth to 10-min contrail age is investigated during DLRs CONCERT campaigns. Finally, the objective of the ML-CIRRUS experiment with the HALO research aircraft is to study the life cycle and climate impact of contrail cirrus with a novel in-situ/remote sensing payload. The contrail measurements are related to previous observations and discussed in the context of recent developments in contrail modeling. Highlights include the quantification of the effects of aircraft type, engine technology and alternative fuels on contrail microphysics and climate.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/107771/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Nucleation, life cycle and climate impact of contrail cirrus - new insights
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Voigt, ChristianeDLR, IPAhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-8925-7731
Date:2016
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:contrails, climate
Event Title:Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft Verhandlungen
Event Location:Regensburg
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:7.-11.3.
Organizer:Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:air traffic management and operations
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L AO - Air Traffic Management and Operation
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Climate, Weather and Environment
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Atmospheric Physics > Atmospheric Trace Species
Deposited By: Voigt, Dr.rer.nat. Christiane
Deposited On:17 Nov 2016 09:02
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 20:04

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