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Earth Observation – A Fundamental Input for Crisis Information Systems

Strobl, Christian and Kiefl, Ralph and Aravena Pelizari, Patrick (2016) Earth Observation – A Fundamental Input for Crisis Information Systems. [Other]

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Abstract

Space-borne and airborne earth observation (EO) is a highly valuable source of spatio-temporal information promoting the ability for a rapid up-to-date assessment and (near-) real-time monitoring of natural or and man-made hazards and disasters. Such information has become indispensable in present-day disaster management activities. Thereby, EO based technologies have a role to play in each of the four phases of the disaster management cycle (i.e. mitigation, preparedness, response and recovery) with applications grouped into three main stages: - Pre-disaster (preparedness and mitigation): EO-based information extraction for assessing potential spatial distributions and severities of hazards as well as the vulnerability of a focus region for disaster risk evaluation and subsequent mitigation and preparedness activities. - Event crisis (response): Assessment and monitoring of regional extent and severities of the characteristics and impacts of a disaster to assist rapid crisis management. - Post-disaster (recovery): EO based information extraction to assist recovery activities. Within the PHAROS system a wide range of data products are used, which are varying in temporal, spatial and spectral resolution and coverage. The used sensor platforms comprise space-borne satellites and airborne systems, i.e. aircrafts as well as unmanned aerial systems (UAS).

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/107387/
Document Type:Other
Title:Earth Observation – A Fundamental Input for Crisis Information Systems
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Strobl, ChristianChristian.Strobl (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Kiefl, RalphRalph.Kiefl (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-7622-5458
Aravena Pelizari, PatrickPatrick.AravenaPelizari (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:July 2016
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Volume:3
Page Range:pp. 90-109
Editors:
EditorsEmail
Fullick, AlexThe International Emergency Management Society
Series Name:TIEMS Scientific Newsletter - Special Edition
ISSN:2033-1614
Status:Published
Keywords:earth observation, disaster management, crisis information systems, PHAROS, ZKI, VABENE
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Transport
HGF - Program Themes:Traffic Management (old)
DLR - Research area:Transport
DLR - Program:V VM - Verkehrsmanagement
DLR - Research theme (Project):V - Vabene++ (old), R - Vorhaben Zivile Kriseninformation und Georisiken (old)
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:German Remote Sensing Data Center > Geo Risks and Civil Security
Deposited By: Kiefl, Ralph
Deposited On:23 Nov 2016 13:06
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 20:04

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