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Construct Validity of the Temperament Structure Scales Within the Big Five Framework in Aerospace Selection

Mittelstädt, Justin and Pecena, Yvonne and Oubaid, Viktor and Maschke, Peter (2016) Construct Validity of the Temperament Structure Scales Within the Big Five Framework in Aerospace Selection. Aviation Psychology and Applied Human Factors, 6 (2), pp. 68-80. Hogrefe. DOI: 10.1027/2192-0923/a000101 ISSN 2192-0931

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Abstract

The Temperament Structure Scales (TSS) are used in the selection of pilots, air traffic controllers, and astronauts at the German Aerospace Center (DLR). As there is evidence for the predictive validity of the TSS, its relationship with the popular Big Five factors as indicators of construct validity is investigated. Two samples comprising either European astronaut candidates (N = 902) or German pilot candidates (N = 249) were used. Analyses show consistent commonalities of several TSS scales with four Big Five factors (Neuroticism, Extraversion, Agreeableness, Conscientiousness). The TSS cover most of the broad Big Five factors and additionally provide a more detailed and suitable profile with unique constructs for the selection of aerospace personnel. The TSS are thus recommended for use without additional personality inventories that measure the broad Big Five factors only.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/107301/
Document Type:Article
Title:Construct Validity of the Temperament Structure Scales Within the Big Five Framework in Aerospace Selection
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Mittelstädt, Justinjustin.mittelstaed (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Pecena, Yvonneyvonne.pecena (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Oubaid, Viktorviktor.oubaid (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Maschke, Peterpeter.maschke (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:2016
Journal or Publication Title:Aviation Psychology and Applied Human Factors
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Volume:6
DOI :10.1027/2192-0923/a000101
Page Range:pp. 68-80
Publisher:Hogrefe
ISSN:2192-0931
Status:Published
Keywords:personality questionnaire, astronauts, pilots, selection, Big Five
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:air traffic management and operations
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L AO - Air Traffic Management and Operation
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Human factors and safety in Aeronautics
Location: Hamburg
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Aviation and Space Psychology
Deposited By: Witt, Andrea
Deposited On:14 Nov 2016 11:28
Last Modified:14 Nov 2016 11:28

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