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Laboratory Measurements of Synthetic Pyroxenes and their Mixtures with Iron Sulfides as Inorganic Refractory Analogues for Rosetta/VIRTIS' Surface Composition Analysis of 67P/CG

Markus, Kathrin and Arnold, Gabriele and Moroz, Liubov and Henckel, Daniela and Kappel, David and Capaccioni, F. and Filacchione, G. and Schmitt, B. and Tosi, F. and Erard, S. and Bockelee-Morvan, D. and Leyrat, C. (2016) Laboratory Measurements of Synthetic Pyroxenes and their Mixtures with Iron Sulfides as Inorganic Refractory Analogues for Rosetta/VIRTIS' Surface Composition Analysis of 67P/CG. In: Joint 48th meeting of the Division for Planetary Sciences (DPS) and 11th European Planetary Science Congress (EPSC), 48, 110.09D-110.09D. Joint 48th meeting of the Division for Planetary Sciences (DPS) and 11th European Planetary Science Congress (EPSC), 16.-21. Oct. 2016, Pasadena, CA, USA.

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Official URL: https://aas.org/meetings/dps48

Abstract

The Visible and InfraRed Thermal Imaging Spectrometer VIRTIS on board Rosetta provided 0.25-5.1 µm spectra of 67P/CG's surface (Capaccioni et al., 2015). Thermally corrected reflectance spectra display a low albedo of 0.06 at 0.65 µm, different red VIS and IR spectral slopes, and a broad 3.2 µm band. This absorption feature is due to refractory surface constituents attributed to organic components, but other refractory constituents influence albedo and spectral slopes. Possible contributions of inorganic components to spectral characteristics and spectral variations across the surface should be understood based on laboratory studies and spectral modeling. Although a wide range of silicate compositions was found in "cometary" anhydrous IDPs and cometary dust, Mg-rich crystalline mafic minerals are dominant silicate components. A large fraction of silicate grains are Fe-free enstatites and forsterites that are not found in terrestrial rocks but can be synthesized in order to provide a basis for laboratory studies and comparison with VIRTIS data. We report the results of the synthesis, analyses, and spectral reflectance measurements of Fe-free low-Ca pyroxenes (ortho- and clinoenstatites). These minerals are generally very bright and almost spectrally featureless. However, even trace amounts of Fe-ions produce a significant decrease in the near-UV reflectance and hence can contribute to slope variations. Iron sulfides (troilite, pyrrhotite) are among the most plausible phases responsible for the low reflectance of 67P's surface from the VIS to the NIR. The darkening efficiency of these opaque phases is strongly particle-size dependent. Here we present a series of reflectance spectra of fine-grained synthetic enstatite powders mixed in various proportions with iron sulfide powders. The influence of dark sulfides on reflectance in the near-UV to near-IR spectral ranges is investigated. This study can contribute to understand the shape of reflectance spectra of 67P's surface at different spectral ranges. Implications for the VIRTIS data analysis are discussed.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/107187/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Laboratory Measurements of Synthetic Pyroxenes and their Mixtures with Iron Sulfides as Inorganic Refractory Analogues for Rosetta/VIRTIS' Surface Composition Analysis of 67P/CG
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Markus, KathrinWestfälische Wilhelms-Universität MünsterUNSPECIFIED
Arnold, GabrieleGabriele.Arnold (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Moroz, LiubovLjuba.Moroz (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Henckel, DanielaDaniela.Henckel (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Kappel, DavidDavid.Kappel (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Capaccioni, F.INAF-IASF, italyUNSPECIFIED
Filacchione, G.INAF-IASF, Rome, ItalyUNSPECIFIED
Schmitt, B.Grenoble Planetology LaboratoryUNSPECIFIED
Tosi, F.INAF-IASF Istituto di Astrofisica Spaziale e Fisica Cosmica, Roma ItalyUNSPECIFIED
Erard, S.LESIAUNSPECIFIED
Bockelee-Morvan, D.Observatoire de Paris, MeudonUNSPECIFIED
Leyrat, C.LESIAUNSPECIFIED
Date:17 October 2016
Journal or Publication Title:Joint 48th meeting of the Division for Planetary Sciences (DPS) and 11th European Planetary Science Congress (EPSC)
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Volume:48
Page Range:110.09D-110.09D
Status:Published
Keywords:Rosetta, 67P, Composition
Event Title:Joint 48th meeting of the Division for Planetary Sciences (DPS) and 11th European Planetary Science Congress (EPSC)
Event Location:Pasadena, CA, USA
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:16.-21. Oct. 2016
Organizer:American Astronomical Society
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Science and Exploration
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EW - Erforschung des Weltraums
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Projekt ROSETTA Instrumente
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Planetary Research
Institute of Planetary Research > Leitungsbereich PF
Institute of Planetary Research > Asteroids and Comets
Deposited By: Kappel, David
Deposited On:28 Oct 2016 08:54
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 20:04

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