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Estimated Environmental Effects of the Worldwide Electric Vehicle Fleet: A Life Cycle Assessment in Task 19 of the International Energy Agency (IEA) on Hybrid and Electric Vehicles (HEV)

Jungmeier, Gerfried und Dunn, Jennifer, B. und Elgowainy, Amgad und Ehrenberger, Simone und Widmer, Rolf (2015) Estimated Environmental Effects of the Worldwide Electric Vehicle Fleet: A Life Cycle Assessment in Task 19 of the International Energy Agency (IEA) on Hybrid and Electric Vehicles (HEV). EEVC 2015 - European Battery, Hybrid and Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle Congress, 2 - 4 Dez. 2015, Brüssel, Belgien.

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Kurzfassung

Electric vehicles have the potential to substitute for conventional vehicles to contribute to the sustainable development of the transportation sector worldwide, for example through the reduction of greenhouse gas and particle emissions. There is international consensus that the improvement of the environmental sustainability by electric vehicles can only be analysed on the basis of life cycle assessment (LCA) including the production, operation and the end of life treatment of these vehicles. Based on the LCA activities in the 18 member countries, the Task 19 “Life Cycle Assessment of Electric Vehicles - From Raw Material Resources to Waste Management of Vehicles with an Electric Drivetrain” of International Energy Agency (IEA) Implementing Agreement on Hybrid and Electric Vehicles (IA-HEV) analysed the LCA based environmental effects of the worldwide electric vehicle fleet in 2014 of about 700,000 Battery Electric Vehicles (BEV) and Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEV). By the end of 2015 it is expected that about 1 million modern vehicles with an electric drive train are on the road worldwide. In the LCA of these vehicles using the different national framework conditions, the environmental effects are estimated by assessing the possible ranges of greenhouse gas emissions (CO2, CH4, N2O), acidification (NOx, SO2), ozone formation (NOx, CO, NMVOC, CH4) and particle matter (PM) emissions in comparison to conventional ICE vehicles (released in 2014). The results show that the environmental effects strongly depend on the national framework condition, i.e., national mix of electricity generation. In some countries a significant reduction of these LCA based emissions of up to 80%, compared to conventional ICE vehicles, is reached due to a high share of renewable electricity. So there is evidence that under appropriate framework conditions, electric vehicles contribute to a sustainable transportation sector today, and can play a substantial role in the future with the expected increasing renewable electricity generation.

Dokumentart:Konferenzbeitrag (Vortrag)
Titel:Estimated Environmental Effects of the Worldwide Electric Vehicle Fleet: A Life Cycle Assessment in Task 19 of the International Energy Agency (IEA) on Hybrid and Electric Vehicles (HEV)
Autoren:
AutorenInstitution oder E-Mail-AdresseAutoren-ORCID-iD
Jungmeier, GerfriedJoanneum Research Forschungsgesellschaft mbHNICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Dunn, Jennifer, B.Argonne National LaboratoryNICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Elgowainy, AmgadArgonne National LaboratoryNICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Ehrenberger, SimoneSimone.Ehrenberger@dlr.deNICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Widmer, RolfEmpaNICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Datum:Dezember 2015
Referierte Publikation:Ja
In Open Access:Nein
In SCOPUS:Nein
In ISI Web of Science:Nein
Status:veröffentlicht
Stichwörter:LCA, Ökobilanz, EV, Elektrofahrzeuge
Veranstaltungstitel:EEVC 2015 - European Battery, Hybrid and Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle Congress
Veranstaltungsort:Brüssel, Belgien
Veranstaltungsart:internationale Konferenz
Veranstaltungsdatum:2 - 4 Dez. 2015
HGF - Forschungsbereich:Luftfahrt, Raumfahrt und Verkehr
HGF - Programm:Verkehr
HGF - Programmthema:Verkehrssystem
DLR - Schwerpunkt:Verkehr
DLR - Forschungsgebiet:V VS - Verkehrssystem
DLR - Teilgebiet (Projekt, Vorhaben):V - Verkehrsentwicklung und Umwelt II
Standort: Stuttgart
Institute & Einrichtungen:Institut für Fahrzeugkonzepte > Fahrzeugsysteme und Technologiebewertung
Hinterlegt von: Ehrenberger, Simone
Hinterlegt am:12 Okt 2016 13:00
Letzte Änderung:12 Okt 2016 13:00

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