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Innovative Thermal Management Concepts and Material Solutions for Future Space Vehicles

Esser, Burkard and Barcena, J. and Kuhn, Markus and Okan, A. and Haynes, L. and Gianella, S. and Ortona, A. and Liedtke, V. and Francesconi, D. and Tanno, H. (2016) Innovative Thermal Management Concepts and Material Solutions for Future Space Vehicles. Journal of Spacecraft and Rockets, 53 (6), pp. 1051-1060. American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA). DOI: 10.2514/1.A33501 ISSN 0022-4650

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Official URL: http://arc.aiaa.org/doi/10.2514/1.A33501

Abstract

When entering a planetary atmosphere, space vehicles are exposed to extreme thermal loads. To protect the vehicle’s interior, a thermal protection system is required. Future aerospace transportation demands solutions that exceed the performance of current systems and up-to-date material limits. Therefore, new and disruptive solutions must be envisaged to meet those extreme conditions. In the search of new solutions for sharp leading edges of future hypersonic reentry or transport vehicles, the THOR project, composed of eight European organizations (industries, research centers, and universities) and one Japanese Agency (Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency), is actively working on definition, design, implementation, and simulation of new passive and active thermal management solutions and their verification in relevant environments (high-enthalpy facilities). This paper provides an overview of the recent developments on the four concepts that are targeted in the project, applying different physical methodologies: 1) passive cooling using highly conductive carbon-based fibers, 2) passive cooling with intensive internal radiative exchange, 3) active cooling based on convection heat transfer using a ceramic sandwich/thermal protection system with ceramic foams/lattices, and 4) active transpiration cooling of external surfaces. Details on these thermal management concepts, requirements from end users, and test configurations, as well as results from experimental and numerical verification, are given.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/106369/
Document Type:Article
Title:Innovative Thermal Management Concepts and Material Solutions for Future Space Vehicles
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Esser, BurkardBurkard.Esser (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Barcena, J.TecnaliaUNSPECIFIED
Kuhn, Markusmarkus.kuhn (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Okan, A.Tübitak UzayUNSPECIFIED
Haynes, L.Fluid Gravity Eng.UNSPECIFIED
Gianella, S.ErbicolUNSPECIFIED
Ortona, A.SUPSIUNSPECIFIED
Liedtke, V.AAC GmbHUNSPECIFIED
Francesconi, D.Thales AleniaUNSPECIFIED
Tanno, H.JAXAUNSPECIFIED
Date:1 July 2016
Journal or Publication Title:Journal of Spacecraft and Rockets
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:53
DOI :10.2514/1.A33501
Page Range:pp. 1051-1060
Publisher:American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA)
ISSN:0022-4650
Status:Published
Keywords:Atmospheric entry, Thermal protection, High enthalpy, Ceramic Matrix Composites, Fluid-Structure interaction
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Transport
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R RP - Raumtransport
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Wiederverwendbare Raumfahrtsysteme
Location: Köln-Porz , Stuttgart
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aerodynamics and Flow Technology > Über- und Hyperschalltechnologien
Institute of Structures and Design > Space System Integration
Deposited By: Esser, Dr.-Ing. Burkard
Deposited On:24 Oct 2016 12:20
Last Modified:08 Mar 2018 18:45

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