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Venturing into new realms? Microorganisms in space

Moissl-Eichinger, Christine and Cockell, Charles and Rettberg, Petra and Albers, Sonja-Verena (Editor) (2016) Venturing into new realms? Microorganisms in space. FEMS Microbiology Reviews, 40 (5), pp. 722-737. Oxford University Press. DOI: 10.1093/femsre/fuw015 ISSN 0168-6445

Full text not available from this repository.

Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/femsre/fuw015

Abstract

One of the biggest challenges of science is the determination of whether extraterrestrial life exists. Although potential habitable areas might be available for complex life, it is more likely that microbial life could exist in space. Many extremotolerant and extremophilic microbes have been found to be able to withstand numerous, combined environmental factors, such as high or low temperatures and pressures, high-salt conditions, high doses of radiation, desiccation or nutrient limitations. They may even survive the transit from one planet to another. Terrestrial Mars-analogue sites are one focus of researchers, in order to understand the microbial diversity in preparation for upcoming space missions aimed at the detection of life. However, such missions could also pose a risk with respect to contamination of the extraterrestrial environment by accidentally transferred terrestrial microorganisms. Closer to the Earth, the International Space Station is the most enclosed habitat, where humans work and live—and with them numerous microorganisms. It is still unknown how microbes adapt to this environment, possibly even creating a risk for the crew. Information on the microbiology of the ISS will have an impact on the planning and implementation of long-term human spaceflights in order to ensure a safe, stable and balanced microbiome on board.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/106162/
Document Type:Article
Title:Venturing into new realms? Microorganisms in space
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Moissl-Eichinger, ChristineDepartment for Internal Medicine, Medical University of Graz, 8036 Graz, Austria and BioTechMed Graz, 8010 Graz, AustriaUNSPECIFIED
Cockell, CharlesUK Centre for Astrobiology, School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH10 4EP, UKUNSPECIFIED
Rettberg, PetraRadiation Biology Department, Institute of Aerospace Medicine, German Aerospace Center (DLR), 51147 Cologne, Germanyhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-4439-2395
Albers, Sonja-Verena (Editor)UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date:2016
Journal or Publication Title:FEMS Microbiology Reviews
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:40
DOI :10.1093/femsre/fuw015
Page Range:pp. 722-737
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:0168-6445
Status:Published
Keywords:International Space Station; planetary protection; habitability; extremophiles; Mars-analogue; Panspermia
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Research under Space Conditions
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R FR - Forschung unter Weltraumbedingungen
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Strahlenbiologie
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Radiation Biology
Deposited By: Kopp, Kerstin
Deposited On:10 Oct 2016 15:49
Last Modified:10 Oct 2016 15:49

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