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TERENO-SOILCan: a lysimeter-network in Germany observing soil processes and plant diversity influenced by climate change

Pütz, Thomas and Kiese, Ralf and Wollschläger, Ute and Groh, Jannis and Rupp, Holger and Zacharias, Steffen and Priesack, Eckart and Gerke, Horst and Bens, Oliver and Borg, Erik and Baessler, Cornelia and Herbrich, Marcus and Munch, Jean Charles and Sommer, Michael and Vogel, Hans-Jörg and Vanderborght, Jan and Vereecken, Harry (2016) TERENO-SOILCan: a lysimeter-network in Germany observing soil processes and plant diversity influenced by climate change. Environmental Earth Sciences, 75 (1242), pp. 1-14. Springer. DOI: 10.1007/s12665-016-6031-5 ISBN 1866-6299 ISSN 1866-6280

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Official URL: http://www.springer.com/earth+sciences+and+geography/geology/journal/12665/PSE?detailsPage=aboutThis

Abstract

The aim of TERENO (TERrestrial ENvironmental Observatories) is to collect long-term observation data on the hydrosphere, biosphere, pedosphere, lower atmosphere and anthroposphere along multiple spatial and temporal gradients in climate sensitive regions across Germany. The lysimeter-network SOILCan was installed as a part of TERENO between March and December 2010 within the four observatories. It represents a long-term large-scale experiment to study the effects of climate and management changes in terrestrial ecosystems, with particular focus on the impact of these changes on water, energy and matter fluxes into groundwater and atmosphere. SOILCan primarily focuses on soil hydrology, the carbon and nutrient cycle and plant species diversity. Time series measurements of states and fluxes at high spatial and temporal resolution in the soil and biosphere are combined with remote sensing information for the development and calibration of process-based models simulating impacts of climate change in soil processes at field to regional scale. Within the framework of SOILCan, 132 fully automated lysimeter systems were installed at 14 highly equipped experimental field sites across the four TERENO observatories. Relevant state variables of grassland and arable ecosystems are monitored characterizing climate, hydrology and matter fluxes into the atmosphere and within the hydrosphere as well as plant species diversity. Lysimeters are either being operated at or near their original sampling location or were transferred within or between the four TERENO observatories thereby using temperature and rainfall gradients to mimic future climatic conditions (space for time), which allow measuring impacts of climate change on terrestrial ecosystems. The lysimeters are cultivated as grassland (intensive, extensive and non-used) or arable land, the latter with a standardized crop rotation of winter wheat—winter barley—winter rye—oat. This publication describes the general design of the SOILCan experiment including a comprehensive description of the pedological characteristics of the different sites and presents a few exemplary results from the first years of operation.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/106052/
Document Type:Article
Title:TERENO-SOILCan: a lysimeter-network in Germany observing soil processes and plant diversity influenced by climate change
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Pütz, ThomasFZ JülichUNSPECIFIED
Kiese, RalfKIT Institute for Meteorology and Climate Research, Atmospheric Environmental ResearchUNSPECIFIED
Wollschläger, UteUFZ LeipzigUNSPECIFIED
Groh, JannisFZ JülichUNSPECIFIED
Rupp, HolgerUFZ Helmholtz Centre for Environmental ResearchUNSPECIFIED
Zacharias, SteffenUFZ Helmholtz Centre for Environmental ResearchUNSPECIFIED
Priesack, EckartHMGUUNSPECIFIED
Gerke, HorstLeibniz-Zentrum für Agrarlandschaftsforschung e.V.UNSPECIFIED
Bens, OliverGFZUNSPECIFIED
Borg, ErikErik.Borg (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Baessler, CorneliaUFZ Helmholtz Centre for Environmental ResearchUNSPECIFIED
Herbrich, MarcusLeibniz-Centre for Agricultural Landscape Research (ZALF)UNSPECIFIED
Munch, Jean CharlesHMGUUNSPECIFIED
Sommer, MichaelZalf MünchebergUNSPECIFIED
Vogel, Hans-JörgHelmholtz-Zentrum für Umweltforschung UFZUNSPECIFIED
Vanderborght, JanFZ JülichUNSPECIFIED
Vereecken, HarryFZ JülichUNSPECIFIED
Date:12 September 2016
Journal or Publication Title:Environmental Earth Sciences
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:75
DOI :10.1007/s12665-016-6031-5
Page Range:pp. 1-14
Editors:
EditorsEmail
LaMoreaux, James W.UNSPECIFIED
Dörhöfer, GunterUNSPECIFIED
Kolditz, OlafUNSPECIFIED
Publisher:Springer
Series Name:Environmental Earth Sciences on ‘‘Water in Germany’’
ISSN:1866-6280
ISBN:1866-6299
Status:Published
Keywords:Weighable precision lysimeter � Controlled lower boundary � Water balance � Matter flux � Climate change � Soil processes � Plant functional diversity, SoilCAN, TERENO, DEMMIN
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Earth Observation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Remote sensing and geoscience
Location: Neustrelitz
Institutes and Institutions:German Remote Sensing Data Center > National Ground Segment
Deposited By: Borg, Dr.rer.nat. Erik
Deposited On:19 Sep 2016 12:14
Last Modified:06 Sep 2019 15:20

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