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PLANETARY PROTECTION: MICROBIAL ANALYSIS OF THE EXOMARS 2016 SPACECRAFT AND ITS HOUSING CLEAN ROOMS

Rettberg, Petra and Auerbach, Anna and Koskinen, Kaisa and Barczyk, Simon and Moissl-Eichinger, Christine (2016) PLANETARY PROTECTION: MICROBIAL ANALYSIS OF THE EXOMARS 2016 SPACECRAFT AND ITS HOUSING CLEAN ROOMS. 41st Scientific Assembly of the Committee on Space Research (COSPAR), 30. Juli - 7. August 2016, Istanbul, Turkey.

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Abstract

Spacecraft are built and tested in highly controlled cleanrooms to ensure the cleanliness required for full functionability of sensitive components and scientific (life-detection) instruments. In case, a spacecraft targets planets and moons of astrobiological interest, additional requirements with respect to microbial cleanliness have to be fulfilled. These requirements are defined by the COSPAR planetary protection policy, to which all space-faring nations adhere. Avoiding the failure of the current and future missions by the introduction of terrestrial microbial contami- nation is of upmost concern. In particular, the bioburden, including the heat-shock surviving (spore-forming) cultivable microbial community is in the focus of space agencies due to its potential capability to survive a space ight. For ExoMars 2016, controlled cleanrooms have been used for the assembly, integration, and testing of the spacecraft. In our study, we have investigated the microbial bioburden and biodiversity of a newly built cleanroom in Turin via ESA standard assay (bioburden detection), different cultivation assays targeting oligotrophs, anaerobes and alkaliphiles, and molecular methods, including next generation sequencing and quantitative PCR. The aim was to document the changes in the composition of the micro- bial community from the commissioning on during the 3 years of utilisation when more and more spacecraft parts and components, ground support equipment and people populated the cleanroom. Our study showed that, during operation, the clean room harbored a very specific microbial community, composed of mainly human-associated microorganisms. In general, the detectable levels of bioburden and other microorganisms were very low and did not raise any concern. In this presentation, we will present details of the microbial analysis of the ExoMars 2016 mission during the three years before launch in March 2016.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/105990/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:PLANETARY PROTECTION: MICROBIAL ANALYSIS OF THE EXOMARS 2016 SPACECRAFT AND ITS HOUSING CLEAN ROOMS
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Rettberg, PetraRadiation Biology Department, Institute of Aerospace Medicine, German Aerospace Center (DLR), Cologne, Germany; petra.rettberg (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-4439-2395
Auerbach, Annaanna.auerbach (at) biologie.uni-regensburg.deUNSPECIFIED
Koskinen, Kaisakaisa.koskinen (at) medunigraz.atUNSPECIFIED
Barczyk, SimonRadiation Biology Department, Institute of Aerospace Medicine, German Aerospace Center (DLR), Cologne, Germany; simon.barczyk (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Moissl-Eichinger, Christinechristine.moissl-eichinger (at) medunigraz.atUNSPECIFIED
Date:2016
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:Planetary Protection, EXOMARS
Event Title:41st Scientific Assembly of the Committee on Space Research (COSPAR)
Event Location:Istanbul, Turkey
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:30. Juli - 7. August 2016
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Research under Space Conditions
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R FR - Forschung unter Weltraumbedingungen
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Strahlenbiologie, R - Projekt ExoMars
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Radiation Biology
Deposited By: Kopp, Kerstin
Deposited On:23 Sep 2016 08:03
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 20:03

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