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Ammonia emissions in Europe, part I: Development of a dynamical ammonia emission inventory

Backes, Anna and Aulinger, Armin and Bieser, Johannes and Matthias, Volker and Quante, Markus (2016) Ammonia emissions in Europe, part I: Development of a dynamical ammonia emission inventory. Atmospheric Environment, 131, pp. 55-66. Elsevier. DOI: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2016.01.041 ISSN 1352-2310

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Official URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1352231016300553

Abstract

Nitrogen input from agricultural ammonia emissions into the environment causes numerous environmental and health problems. The purpose of this study is to present and evaluate an improved ammonia emission inventory based on a dynamical temporal parameterization suitable to compare and assess ammonia abatement strategies. The setup of the dynamical time profile (DTP) consists of individual temporal profiles for ammonia emissions, calculated for each model grid cell, depending on temperature, crop type, fertilizer and manure application, as well as on local legislation. It is based on the method of Skjøth et al., 2004 and Gyldenkærne et al., 2005. The method has been modified to cover the study area and to improve the performance of the emission model. To compare the results of the dynamical approach with the results of the static time profile (STP) the ammonia emission parameterizations have been implemented in the SMOKE for Europe emission model. Furthermore, the influence on secondary aerosol formation in the North Sea region and possible changes triggered through the use of a modified temporal distribution of ammonia emissions were analysed with the CMAQ chemistry transport model. The results were evaluated with observations of the European Monitoring and Evaluation Programme (EMEP). The correlation coefficient of NH3 improved significantly for 12 out of 16 EMEP measurement stations and an improvement in predicting the Normalized Mean Error can be seen for particulate NH4+ and NO3−. The prediction of the 95th percentile of the daily average concentrations has improved for NH3, NH4+ and NO3−. The NH3 concentration modelled with the STP is 157% higher in winter, and about 22% lower in early summer than the one modelled with the new DTP. Consequently, the influence of the DTP on the formation of secondary aerosols is particularly noticeable in winter, when the PM2.5 concentration is 25% lower in comparison to the use of STP for temporal disaggregation. Besides, the formation of particulate SO42− is not influenced by the use of the DTP.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/105749/
Document Type:Article
Title:Ammonia emissions in Europe, part I: Development of a dynamical ammonia emission inventory
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Backes, AnnaHelmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht, GeesthachtUNSPECIFIED
Aulinger, ArminHelmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht, GeesthachtUNSPECIFIED
Bieser, JohannesDLR, IPAUNSPECIFIED
Matthias, VolkerHelmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht, GeesthachtUNSPECIFIED
Quante, MarkusHelmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht, GeesthachtUNSPECIFIED
Date:April 2016
Journal or Publication Title:Atmospheric Environment
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:131
DOI :10.1016/j.atmosenv.2016.01.041
Page Range:pp. 55-66
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1352-2310
Status:Published
Keywords:Ammonia, Emissions
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Transport
HGF - Program Themes:Transport System
DLR - Research area:Transport
DLR - Program:V VS - Verkehrssystem
DLR - Research theme (Project):V - Verkehrsentwicklung und Umwelt II (old)
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Atmospheric Physics
Deposited By: Righi, Dr. Mattia
Deposited On:19 Aug 2016 14:51
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 20:03

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